Automatic classification of resuscitation activities on birth-asphyxiated newborns using acceleration and ECG signals

Document Type



Obstetrics and Gynaecology (East Africa)


Objectives Newborn deaths are reported to be caused mainly by birth asphyxia. Information learned from ventilation and other treatment could help increase survival rate of newborns in need of resuscitation. Characteristics of manual bag-mask ventilation have been studied in our previous works. However, other resuscitation activities could have important impacts as well. This paper illustrates the classification of several predefined resuscitation activities using information from acceleration and ECG signal.

Methods Time and frequency domain features were extracted from the acceleration and ECG signals. A 2-stage classifier was trained on data of manually annotated activities by observing videos of 30 resuscitation babies. Leave-one-out cross validation was used: for each fold, the classifier was trained on activities of 29 patients and tested on activities of 1 patient.

Results The average accuracy of the classification of activities is 79%.

Conclusions The performance of the classification algorithms indicates that it is possible to use ECG and acceleration signals to automatically derive useful information regarding resuscitation activities.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication ( Name of Journal)

Biomedical Signal Processing and Control