Title

Carotid atherosclerosis and right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in a sample of hypertensive Nigerian patients

Document Type

Article

Department

Internal Medicine (East Africa)

Abstract

AimTo determine the association of carotid atherosclerosis and right ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) among treated hypertensive Nigerian patients.

Methods This was a single center cross-sectional study performed at the Cardiology Clinic of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria between January and December 2012. The study included 122 hypertensive Nigerians (mean age, 57.3 ± 14.7 years, 36.9% women). Patients’ clinical, demographic, and echocardiographic parameters were obtained. Diastolic dysfunction was assessed with the trans-tricuspid Doppler flow.

Results Patients with DD were significantly older than those with normal diastolic function. Mean and maximum carotid intima media thickness measurements were significantly higher among patients with right ventricular DD than in those with normal diastolic function. Mean systolic blood pressure (148.3 ± 31.9 vs 128.0 ± 2.8 mm Hg, P = 0.049) and interventricular septal thickness in diastole (12.8 ± 2.3 vs 11.6 ± 2.8 mm, P = 0.048) were significantly higher and tricuspid annular pulmonary systolic excursion (33.6 ± 4.9 vs 23.0 ± 4.2 mm, P = 0.035) was significantly lower in patients with right ventricular DD than in those with normal diastolic function. Carotid intima media thickness measurements were correlated with early trans-tricuspid Doppler flow and early transtricuspid diastolic flow/late right atrial transtricupsid diastolic flow ratio.

Conclusion Right ventricular DD in hypertensive patients was significantly correlated with increased carotid atherosclerosis. Carotid intima media thickness measurements may therefore be a surrogate marker for DD in hypertensive subjects.

Comments

This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication

Croatian Medical Journal

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