Title

Margatoxin inhibits VEGF-induced hyperpolarization, proliferation and nitric oxide production of human endothelial cells

Document Type

Article

Department

Paediatrics and Child Health (East Africa)

Abstract

Background:

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces proliferation of endothelial cells (EC) in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo. Furthermore, a role of VEGF in K(+) channel, nitric oxide (NO) and Ca(2+) signaling was reported. We examined whether the K(+) channel blocker margatoxin (MTX) influences VEGF-induced signaling in human EC.

Methods:

Fluorescence imaging was used to analyze changes in the membrane potential (DiBAC), intracellular Ca(2+) (FURA-2) and NO (DAF) levels in cultured human EC derived from human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC). Proliferation of HUVEC was examined by cell counts (CC) and [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation (TI).

Results:

VEGF (5--50 ng/ml) caused a dose-dependent hyperpolarization of EC, with a maximum at 30 ng/ml (n=30, p<0.05). This effect was completely blocked by MTX (5 micromol/l). VEGF caused an increase in transmembrane Ca(2+) influx (n=30, p<0.05) that was sensitive to MTX and the blocker of transmembrane Ca(2+) entry 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (APB, 100 micromol/l). VEGF-induced NO production was significantly reduced by MTX, APB and a reduction in extracellular Ca(2+) (n=30, p<0.05). HUVEC proliferation, examined by CC and TI, was significantly increased by VEGF and inhibited by MTX (CC: -58%, TI --121%); APB (CC --99%, TI--187%); N-monomethyl-L-arginine (300 micromol/l: CC: -86%, TI --164%).

Conclusions:

VEGF caused an MTX-sensitive hyperpolarization which results in an increased transmembrane Ca(2+) entry that is responsible for the effects on endothelial proliferation and NO production.

Comments

This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication

National Library of Medicine

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