Document Type

Article

Department

Paediatrics and Child Health (East Africa)

Abstract

Background

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a rapidly growing problem in Tanzania. Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes have previously been found to have poor glycaemic control and high prevalence of complications. Strict glycaemic control reduces the incidence and progression of chronic complications. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with glycaemic control among children and adolescents.

Methods

A cross sectional study was done at the diabetes clinic for children and adolescents. Data on socioeconomic, demographic and diabetes specific variables including adherence, diabetes knowledge, caregivers knowledge and their involvement in the care of the child was obtained. Glycaemic control was assessed by measuring glycosylated hemoglobin. (HbA1C). Linear regression analysis was done to determine factors associated with glycaemic control

Results

Seventy-five participants were recruited into the study (51 % males). The mean HbA1c was 11.1 ± 2.1 %. Children aged(9.8 %) as compared to 10–14 year olds (11.5 %) and >14 year olds (11.4 %) (P value = 0.022). Sixty-eight percent of patients had good adherence to insulin while adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen was 48 % and to diet control was 28 %. Younger age, having the mother as the primary caregiver, better caregiver knowledge of diabetes, better adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen and diabetes duration of less than 1 year were associated with better glycaemic control. In multivariate analysis, age, adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen and the mother as the primary caregiver were found to independently predict glycaemic control (R2 = 0.332, p value = 0.00).

Publication

BMC Endocrine Disorders

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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