Estimation of patient radiation doses from multi-detector computed tomography angiography procedures in Tanzania

Document Type



Imaging and Diagnostic Radiology (East Africa)


The aim of the present study was to estimate the volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP) and effective dose (ED) to patients from five multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) procedures: brain, carotid, coronary, entire aorta and lower limb from four medical institutions in Tanzania; to compare these doses to those reported in the literature, and to compare the data obtained with ICRP 103 and Monte Carlo software. The radiation doses for 217 patients were estimated using patient demographics, patient-related exposure parameters, the geometry of examination and CT-Expo V 2.4 Monte Carlo-based software. The median values of the CTDIvol, DLP and ED for MDCTA procedures of the brain and carotids were 36.8 mGy, 1481.0 mGy∙cm and 5.2 mSv, and 15.9 mGy, 1224.0 mGy∙cm and 7.8 mSv, respectively; while for the coronary, entire aortic, and lower limbs were 49.4 mGy, 1493.0 mGy∙cm and 30.6 mSv; 16.2 mGy, 2287.0 mGy∙cm and 41.1 mSv; and 6.4 mGy, 1406.0 mGy∙cm and 10.5 mSv, respectively. The ratio of the maximum to minimum ED values to individual patients across the four medical centers were 41.4, 11.1, 4.6, 9.5 and 37.4, respectively, for the brain, carotid, coronary, entire aortic and lower limb CT angiography procedures. The mean values of CTDIvol, DLP and ED in the present study were typically higher than the values reported from Kenya, Korea and Saudi Arabia. The 75th percentile values of the DLP were above the preliminary diagnostic references levels proposed by Kenya, Switzerland and Korea. The observed wide range of examination scanning protocols and patient doses for similar MDCTA procedures within and across hospitals; and the observed relatively high patient doses compared to those reported in the literature, call for the need to standardize scanning protocols and optimise patient dose from MDCTA procedures.


Radiation Protection Dosimetry