Medical College (East Africa)
Paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain (PINP) is a dose-limiting side effect that largely affects the patient’s quality of life and may limit the use of the drug as a chemotherapeutic agent for treating metastatic breast cancer and other solid tumors. Recently, a putative role for the gaseous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in nociception modulation has been suggested. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential efficacy of the slow release H2S donor GYY4137 to alleviate and prevent PINP. Female BALB/c mice that were intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected with paclitaxel (2 mg/kg) for 5 consecutive days developed thermal hyperalgesia, cold and mechanical allodynia and had reduced of H2S, generation in the spinal cord and paw skin. Treatment of mice with established thermal hyperalgesia with GYY4137 or the analgesic positive control drug gabapentin produced antihyperalgesic activities. The antihyperalgesic activity of GYY4137 was antagonized by the ATP sensitive potassium channels (KATP channels) blocker glibenclamide. Co-treatment with GYY4137 and paclitaxel prevented the paclitaxel-induced decrease in H2S, generation as well as the paclitaxel-induced thermal hyperalgesia, cold allodynia and mechanical allodynia. GYY4137 enhanced paclitaxel's anti-proliferative effects against the breast cancer cell line MCF-7. The present results suggest that GYY4137 alleviates paclitaxel-induced thermal hyperalgesia, via KATP channels. GYY4137 prevents PINP possibly by blocking the paclitaxel-induced reduction in the generation of H2S, in the tissues, while enhancing the anti-cancer activity of paclitaxel, and therefore warrants further research as a candidate for prevention of PINP in clinical settings.
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Qabazard, B., Masocha, W., Khajah, M., & Phillips, O. A. (2020). H2S donor GYY4137 ameliorates paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain in mice. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 127, 110210.