Biofuel consumption rates and patterns in Kenya

Document Type



East African Institute


A questionnaire survey was conducted in rural and urban Kenya to establish biofuel consumption rates and patterns. The survey targeted households, commercial catering enterprises and public institutions such as schools and colleges. Firewood was the main biofuel used, mostly by rural households, who consumed the commodity at average consumption rates in the range 0.8–2.7 kg cap−1 day−1. Charcoal was mostly consumed by the urban households at weighted average rates in the range 0.18–0.69 kg cap−1 day−1. The consumption rates and patterns for these fuels by restaurants and academic institutions, and those for crop residues are also reported. The rates largely depended on the fuel availability but differed significantly among the three consumer groups and between rural and urban households. Other factors which may have influenced consumption rates are discussed. Although good fuelwood sufficiency was reported in the country in 1997, there were increasing difficulties in accessing these resources by most households, a situation having both short- and long-term implications for biofuel consumption rates and patterns.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication ( Name of Journal)

Biomass and Bioenergy