This collection showcases publications on the Coronavirus (COVID-19) by faculty and researchers at Aga Khan University.

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Submissions from 2020

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Call to action: SARS-CoV-2 and CerebrovAscular DisordErs (CASCADE), Shahram Abootalebi, Benjamin M. Aertker, Mohammad Sobhan Andalibi, Negar Asdaghi, Ozlem Aykac, M Reza Azarpazhooh, M Cecilia Bahit, Kristian Barlinn, Hamidon Basri, and Mohammad Wasay

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LABRAD : Vol 46, Issue 2 - June 2020, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

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Practice of academic surgical pathology during the COVID-19 pandemic, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Nasir Ud Din, and Arsalan Ahmed

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COVID-19 and liver injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Jawad Ahmed, Tehlil Rizwan, Farheen Malik, Raniyah Akhter, Mehreen Malik, Junaid Ahmad, Abdul Wasay Khan, Muhammad A. Chaudhary, and Muhammad Shariq Usman

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Fingolimod (FTY720) preserves high energy phosphates and improves cardiac function in heterotopic heart transplantation model, Naseer Ahmed, Javeria Farooq, Soban Sadiq, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Azam Jan, Faisal H. Cheema, Giuseppe Faggian, and Alessio Rungatscher

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Differences in angiographic profile and immediate outcome of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in otherwise risk-free young male smokers, Salik Ahmed, Sanam Khowaja, Saher Khowaja, Tariq Ashraf, Kanwal Aamir, Mahesh K. Batra, Musa Karim, Muhammad Anis M. Ahmedani, and Syed Z. Jamal

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Challenges amid COVID-19 times - Review of the changing practices in a clinical chemistry laboratory from a developing country, Sibtain Ahmed, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib, Farooq Ghani, and Imran Siddiqui

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COVID-19 pandemic and mitigation strategies: Implications for maternal and child health and nutrition, Nadia Akseer, Goutham Kandru, Emily C. Keats, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic: Reflections on the roles of librarians and information professionals, Muhammad Yousuf Ali and Peter Gatiti

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Ten years risk assessment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease using Astro-CHARM and pooled cohort equation in a south Asian sub-population, Tariq Ashraf, Muhammad Naeem Mengal, Atif Sher Muhammad, Asal Khan Tareen, Nauman Khan, Khawar Abbas Kazmi, Asif Nadeem, Shakil Sarwar, Zara Bashir, Nadeem Qamar, and Musa Karim

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Computing the effects of SARS-CoV-2 on respiration regulatory mechanisms in COVID-19, Abdul Mannan Baig

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Updates on what ACS reported: Emerging evidences of COVID-19 with nervous system involvement, Abdul Mannan Baig

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Evidence of the COVID-19 virus targeting the CNS: Tissue distribution, host-virus interaction, and proposed neurotropic mechanisms, Abdul Mannan Baig, Areeba Khaleeq, Usman Ali, and Hira Syeda

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Elucidation of cellular targets and exploitation of the receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 for vaccine and monoclonal antibody synthesis, Abdul Mannan Baig, Areeba Khaleeq, and Syeda Hira

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Heralding healthcare professionals: Recognition of neurological deficits in COVID-19, Abdul Mannan Baig and Erin C. Sanders

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Potential neuroinvasive pathways of SARS-CoV-2: Deciphering the spectrum of neurological deficit seen in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Abdul Mannan Baig and Erin C. Sanders

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Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: A surgical certainty, Ayesha Butt, Muhammad Muneer Amanullah, Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed, Asif Hasan, and Waris Ahmad

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Cardiac Abnormalities seen in pediatric patients during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: An international experience, Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, and Nadeem Aslam

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Towards effective management protocols: A transnational review of the state-of-the-art of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates, Maryam Ehtesham, Talal Almas, Absam Akbar, Muhammad Ali Niaz, and Noreen Zia

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Insight into COVID-19 responses and initiatives from Pakistan, Salima Farooq, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Saima Sachwani, and Yasmin Parpio

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Mental health challenges and psycho-social interventions amid COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action for Pakistan, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Sajid Abrar Iqbal, Yasmin Parpio, and Humera Saeed

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Acute coronary syndrome and use of biomass fuel among women in rural Pakistan: A case-control study, Zafar Fatmi, Ambreen Sahito, Georgia Ntani, and David Coggon

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New horizons: COVID-19 and the burden of neuropsychiatric illness in Pakistan, Ali M. Hashmi and Haider Ali Saleem

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Impact of COVID-19 on laboratory professionals-A descriptive cross sectional survey at a clinical chemistry laboratory in a developing country, Lena Jafri, Sibtain Ahmed, and Imran Siddiqui

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Clinical features, diagnosis and management of COVID-19 patients in the outdoor setting, Bushra Jamil

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COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents, Li Jiang, Kun Tang, Mike Levin, Omar Irfan, Shaun Shaun Morris, Karen Wilson, Jonathan D. Klein, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Neurological manifestations of COVID-19, Dureshahwar Kanwar, Abdul Mannan Baig, and Mohammad Wasay

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NEUROLOGICAL INVOLVEMENT IN COVID-19 INFECTIONS; PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, PRESENTATION AND OUTCOME., Dureshahwar Kanwar, Muhammad Imran, and Mohammad Wasay

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Current challenges of digital health interventions in Pakistan: Mixed methods analysis, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Nazia Ahsan, Sadori Khawaja, Fareeha Sameen, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Zabin Wajidali, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, and Fatima Mahmood

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COVID-19 pandemic & skin care guidelines for health care professionals, Sadia Masood, Saadia Tabassum, Shaheen Naveed, and Palwasha Jalil

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Contemporary trends, predictors and outcomes of perforation during percutaneous coronary intervention (From the NCDR cath PCI registry), Ramez Nairooz, Craig S. Parzynski, Jeptha P. Curtis, Amr Mohsen, Edward McNulty, Barry F. Uretsky, and Abdul Hakeem

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Nepal's response to contain COVID-19 Infection, Rano Mal Piryani, Suneel Piryani, and Jay Narayan Shah

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The neurology of COVID-19 revisited: A proposal from the environmental neurology specialty group of the world federation of neurology to implement international neurological registries, Gustavo C. Román, Peter S. Spencer, Jacques Reis, Alain Buguet, Mostafa El Alaoui Faris, Sarosh M. Katrak, Miguel Láinez, Marco Tulio Medina, Chandrashekhar Meshram, and Mohammad Wasay

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Impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on pediatric oncology care in the Middle East, North Africa, and West Asia region: A report from the pediatric oncology east and mediterranean (POEM) group, Raya Saab, Anas Obeid, Fatiha Gachi, Houda Boudiaf, Lilit Sargsyan, Khulood Al-Saad, Tamar Javakhadze, Azim Mehrvar, Sawsan Sati Abbas, Naureen Mushtaq, and Asim Belgaumi

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Proposal of RT-PCReBased Mass Population Screening for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Coronavirus Disease 2019), Nikhil S. Sahajpal, Ashis K. Mondal, Allan Njau, Sudha Ananth, Kimya Jones, Pankaj K. Ahluwalia, Meenakshi Ahluwalia, Yasmeen Jilani, Alka Chaubey, Madhuri Hegde, Vamsi Kota, Amyn Rojiani, and Ravindra Kolhe

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Physical and mental health impacts of COVID-19 on healthcare workers: A scoping review, Natasha Shaukat, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, and Junaid Razzak

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Radiology of COVID-19 - Imaging the pulmonary damage, Saba Sohail

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Role of respirators in controlling the spread of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) amongst dental healthcare providers: A review, Fahad Umer, Zainab Haji, and Kamil Zafar

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Effects of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on orthopedic residency program in the seventh largest city of the world: Recommendations from a resource-constrained setting, Marij Zahid, syed Arif Ali, Naveed Baloch, and Shahryar Noordin

Submissions from 2019

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Cardioprotective mechanism of FTY720 in ischemia reperfusion injury, Naseer Ahmed

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Coronary sinus ablation is a key player substrate in recurrence of persistent atrial fibrillation, Naseer Ahmed, Shahida Perveen, A. Mehmood., G. F. Rani, and G. Molon

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Performance evaluation of cardiac troponin I assay: A comparison between the point-of-care testing radiometer AQT90 FLEX and the central laboratory siemens advia centaur analyzer, Sibtain Ahmed, Lena Jafri, Ahmed Raheem Buksh, Shahid Shakeel, and Imran Siddiqui

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Health-related quality of life and exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in contemporary acute coronary syndrome patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Dion Candelaria, Sue Randall, Laila Ladak, and Robyn Gallagher

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No racial disparities in Ssurgical care quality observed after coronary artery bypass grafting In TRICARE patients, Muhammad Ali Chaudhary; Elzerie de Jager; Nizar Bhulani; Nicollette K. Kwon,; and Adil H. Haider

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Untargeted metabolomic analysis of coronary artery disease patients with diastolic dysfunction show disturbed oxidative pathway, Tamkeen Fatima, Satwat Hashmi, Ayesha Iqbal, Amna Jabbar Siddiqui, Shahid Ahmed Sami, Najeeb Najeeb, Syedah Saira Bukhari, Hasanat Sharif, and Syed Ghulam Musharraf

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Coronary heart disease, hypertension and use of biomass fuel among women: Comparative cross-sectional study, Zafar Fatmi, Georgia Ntani, and David Coggon

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Performance of the TIMI risk score in predicting mortality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly women: Results from a developing country, Shumaila Furnaz, Musa Karim, Tariq Ashraf, Sajjad Ali, Izza Shahid, Sara Ali, Uzzam Ahmed Khawaja, Muhammad Tanzeel ul Haque, Muhammad Shariq Usman, and Tariq Jamal Siddiqi

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Hyperdominant left anterior descending artery presenting as anterior wall ST segment elevation myocardial infarction: A rare coronary anomaly, Shahrukh Hashmani Dr. and Abid Laghari

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A meta-analysis comparing aspirin alone versus dual antiplatelet therapy for the prevention of venous graft failure following coronary artery bypass surgery, Kirstin Hesterberg, Aranyak Rawal, Sajjad A. Khan, Abdul Rashid, David Jones, Tariq Siddiqui, Thekrayat A. . Khader, Manu Nayyar, and Rahman Shah

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Role of cardiac MRI in complicated cardiac defects, Yasir Khan, Mohammad Bin Pervez, and Saulat Fatimi

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Incidental finding of tuberculous pleural effusion in patient undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: Case report, Yasir Khan, Munawar Shah, and Syed Shahabuddin

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Postoperative atrial fibrillation among patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting, Ali R. Mangi, Kashif Zia, Taimur A. Ali, Musa Karim, and Saulat Fatimi

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Isolation and culture of dental pulp stem cells from permanent and deciduous teeth, Shagufta Naz, Farhan Raza Khan, Raheela Rahat, Sahreena Ladhani, Mehwish Saghir Khan, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, and Tashfeen Ahmad

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Severity of Chest Pain among Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients with Diagonal Branch Vessel Disease: A Pilot Study, Nasir Rahman, Azmina Artani, Farhala Mari Baloch, and Bilal Hussain

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Outcomes of Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Nasir Rahman, Bilal Hussain, and Azmina Artani

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Ruptured saphenous venous graft pseudoaneurysm presenting as a pulsatile chest mass, Nasir Rahman, Bilal K. Khan, and Babar S. Hasan

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A Case of an Anomalous Right Coronary Artery Arising from the Left Coronary Cusp, Muhammad Shabbir Rawala, Ahmer A. Longi, Arfeen A. Khan, Syed Inam Rizvi, and Syed B. Rizvi

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Cardiovascular disease risk factors in Pakistani population with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study of selected family practitioner clinics in four provinces of Pakistan (CardiP Study), Syed Abbas Raza, Mariam Hassan, Farhana Badar, Farah Rasheed, Fouzia Meerza, Sumeyya Azam, Ali Jawa, Imtiaz Hassan, Faisal Masood Qureshi, and Najmul Islam

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It’s not always occam's razor – the case of a young man with subaortic membrane with superimposed pulmonary thromboembolism and left main coronary artery disease, Hunaina Shahab, Abdul Baqi, Yusra Askari, Qurrat Ul Ain Aqeel, and Kumail Khandwala

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Short-term versus long-term triple antithrombotic therapy for patients with coronary stents and requiring oral anticoagulation: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, Rahman Shah, Sajjad A. Khan, Babar Khan, and Samuel B. Latham

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Perioperative glycemic control and its outcome in patients following open heart surgery, Khalid M Siddiqui, Muhammad Ali Asghar, Muhammad F. Khan, and fazal Wahab khan

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Carotid artery disease in diabetic patients: Contemporary perspectives, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, asad moosa, Fareed A. Shaikh, Waryam Saleh, and Avgerinose Efthymios

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Outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome in a referral hospital in sub-Saharan Africa, Mohamed Varwani, Jeilan Mohamed, Mzee Ngunga, and Anders Barasa

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Changes in ventricular depolarisation vectors during exercise caused by regional myocardial ischaemia, Cameruddin Vellani, Satwat Hashmi, Sadia Mahmud, Mohammad Yusuf, Safia Awan, and Khawar Kazmi

Submissions from 2018

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Rare Case of Giant Asymptomatic Left Coronary Artery Aneurysm of 10 cm Associated with Coronary Cameral Fistula, Ali Afzal, Mohamad Sharbatji, Hussain Nawaz, and Muqeet Siddiqui

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Sex differences in symptoms experienced, knowledge about symptoms, symptom attribution, and perceived urgency for treatment seeking among acute coronary syndrome patients in Karachi Pakistan, Saleema Allana, Debra K. Moser, Tazeen S. Ali, and Aamir Hameed

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Sex differences in symptoms experienced, knowledge about symptoms, symptom attribution, and perceived urgency for treatment seeking among acute coronary syndrome patients in Karachi Pakistan, Saleema Allana, Debra K. Moser, Tazeen S. Ali, and Aamir Hameed

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Clinicoradiological correlation of infarct patterns on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in stroke, Zainab Hussain, Kiran Hilal, Muhammad Ahmad, Zafar Sajjad, and Raza Sayani

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Making prescriptions “talk” to stroke and heart attack survivors to improve adherence: Results of a randomized clinical trial (The Talking Rx Study), Ayeesha Kamran Kamal; Wardah Khalid; Abdul Muqeet,; Anum Jamil,; Kashfa Farhat; Sehar Rahim Ali Gillani; Maryam Zulfiqar; Mehreen Saif; Aliya Amin Muhammad; Fabiha Zaidi; and Saleem Sayani

Determining the level of agreement for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk stratification between coronary artery calcium score and traditional cardiovascular risk models., Menge Kuria

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Evaluation of micro leakage of root canals filled with different obturation techniques: an in vitro study, Maham Muneeb Lone and Farhan Raza Khan

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Evaluation of micro leakage of root canals filled with different obturation techniques: an in vitro study, Maham Muneeb Lone and Farhan Raza Khan

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Evaluation of microleakage in single-rooted teeth obturated with thermoplasticized gutta-percha using various endodontic sealers: An in-vitro study, Maham Muneeb Lone, Farhan Raza Khan, and Muneeb Ahmed Lone

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Risk factors for stroke and TIA's in Pakistan: a community-based study, Abdul Malik, Farrukh Malik, Ismail Khatri, and Sadaf Nasir

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Misoprostol-induced acute coronary syndrome in a premenopausal woman: A case report with literature review, Faizan Mazhar, Jabeen Sultana, and Shahzad Akram

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Percutaneous Non-Stenting Approach for Distal Simultaneous Multivessel Acute Coronary Occlusions, Nasir Rahman and Bilal Hussain

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Treatment of a Rare Vascular Complication of Coronary Stenting in an Octagenarian, Hunaina Shahab, Bilal Hussain, Nasir Rahman, and Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan

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Sleep Fainting: A Neurocardiogenic Entity, Hunaina Shahab, Ambreen A. Sonawalla, Maryam Khan, and Aman Qureshi

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A comprehensive meta-analysis of stem cell therapy for chronic angina, Rahman Shah, Samuel B. Latham, Sajjad A. Khan, Muhammad Shahreyar, Inyong Hwang, and Ion S. Jovin

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Meta-analysis comparing primary percutaneous coronary intervention versus pharmacoinvasive therapy in transfer patients with st-elevation myocardial infarction, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi, Muhammad Shariq Usman, Jaya Kumar Sreenivasan, Ibrahim Kassas, Haris Riaz, Sajjad Raza, Hasanat Sharif, Ankur Kalra, and Neha Yadav

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Factors affecting reintubations after cardiac and thoracic surgeries in cardiac intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Khalid Samad, Faisal Jonejo, Muhammad Faisal Khan, and Khalid Ahsan Khalid Ahsan

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Myocarditis mimicking acute coronary syndrome - the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan and Ghurfan Adnan

Submissions from 2017

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Superior septal approach versus left atrial approach for mitral valve replacement: a retrospective cohort study, Tooba Ansar, Taimur Asif Ali, Saneeha Shahid, Saulat H. Fatimi, and Ghulam Murtaza

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Internal mammary artery flow in different racial groups of Pakistan, Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Asim Hassan Dar, Mansoor Ahmed, Abdul Haseeb, and Muhammad Bilal

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Five-year follow-up of a coronally advanced flap over grafted bone and restorative composite in maxillary recession defect., Syeda Mahvash Hussain and Farhan Raza Khan

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Overview of coronary heart disease risk initiatives in South Asia., Ankur Kalra, Deepak L. Bhatt, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Kunal Suri, Sundeep Mishra, Romaina Iqbal, and Salim S. Virani

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Current status of Helicobacter pylori association with haematological and cardiovascular diseases: A mini review, Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Syed Faisal Zaidi, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, and Muhammad Ishaq

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The 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases workshop on developing infection prevention and control resources for low- and middle-income countries, Sangeeta Sastry, Nadia Masroor, Gonzalo Bearman, Rana Hajjeh, Alison Holmes, Ziad Memish, Britta Lassmann, Didier Pittet, Fiona Macnab, Rachel Kamau, Evelyn Wesangula, Paras Pokharel, Paul Brown, Frances Daily, Fatma Amer, Jaime Torres, Miguel O’Ryan, Gunturu Revathi, Andre Bulabula, and Shaheen Mehtar

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High-volume forced diuresis with matched hydration using the RenalGuard System to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy: A meta-analysis of randomized trials, Rahman Shah, Sarah J. Wood, Sajjad A. Khan, Amina Chaudhry, M. Rehan Khan, and Mohamed S. Morsy

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Ventricular depolarisation vectors in exercise induced myocardial ischaemia, Cameruddin W. Vellani, Mohammad Yusuf, Sadia Mahmud, and Satwat Hashmi

Submissions from 2016

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Frequency, Indications And Complications Of Pulmonary Artery Catheter Insertion In Adult Open-Heart Surgery Patients Of A Tertiary Care Hospital, Syed Shabbir Ahmed, Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, and Rehana Kamal

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Fast track extubation in adult patients on pump open heart surgery at a tertiary care hospital, Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, Hasanat Sharif, Mohammad Hamid, Khalid Samad, and Fazal Hameed Khan

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Respiratory viruses associated with severe pneumonia in children under 2 years old in a rural community in Pakistan, Asad Ali, Tauseef Akhund, Gohar Javed Warraich, Fatima Aziz, Najeeb Rahman, Fayyaz Ahmed Umrani, Shahida Qureshi, William A Jr Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Proton pump inhibitors and other disease-based factors in the recurrence of adverse cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary angiography: A long-term cohort, Adil Ayub, Om Parkash, Buria Naeem, Duraiz Murtaza, Aamir Hameed Khan, Wasim Jafri, and Saeed Hamid

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Age estimation of a sample of pakistani population using coronal pulp cavity Index in molars and premolars on orthopantomogram, Sheikh Bilal Bada, Rabia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, and Muhammad Hasan Hameed

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Interrupted aortic arch complicated with takotsubo cardiomyopathy mimicking aortic dissection, Farhala Mari Baloch, javed majid tai, Aamir Hameed, and abdul baqi

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Deep Bite Malocclusion: Exploration Of The Skeletal And Dental Factors, Nita Kumari Bhateja, Mubassar Fida, and Attiya Shaikh

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'Refractory epilepsy': what lies beneath?, Syedah Saira Bokhari and Satwat Hashmi

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Coronary heart disease and household air pollution from use of solid fuel: a systematic review., Zafar Fatmi and David Coggon

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In-vitro comparison of micro-leakage between nanocomposite and microhybrid composite In class v cavities treated with The self-etch technique, Syeda Mahvish Hussain and Farhan Raza Khan