Synthesis, characterization, DPPH radical scavenging, urease enzyme inhibition, molecular docking simulation, and DFT analysis of imine derivatives of 4-formylpyridine with selective detection of Cu+2 Ions

Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


This study aimed to prepare three imine derivatives (1, 2, and 3) via a condensation reaction of phenyl hydrazine, 2-hydrazino pyridine, and 4-methoxy aniline with 4-formyl pyridine. Electron impact mass spectrometry (EIMS), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were utilized for the characterization. The chemosensing properties of [4((2-phenyl hydrazono)methyl) pyridine] (1), [2-(2-(pyridin-4-ylmethylene)hydrazinyl) pyridine] (2), and [4-methoxy-N-yl methylene) aniline] (3) imino bases have been explored for the first time in aqueous media. The photophysical properties of chemosensors (1, 2, and 3) were examined by various cations (Na+, NH4+, Ba+2, Ni+2, Ca+2, Hg+2, Cu+2, Mg+2, Mn+2, and Pd+2). The chemosensor (1) showed very selective binding capability with copper ions at low concentrations (20 μM) without the influence of any other mentioned ions. The maximum complexation was noted with Cu+2 and 1 at pH between 7 to 7.5. The stoichiometry binding ratio between chemosensor (1) and Cu+2 was determined by Job's plot and it was found to be 1:2. The current study explored the use of these Schiff bases for the first time as heterocyclic chemosensors. DPPH radical scavenging, urease enzyme inhibition activities, molecular docking simulation, and density functional theory (DFT) analysis of compounds 1, 2, and 3 were also conducted


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Current Organic Synthesis