Age-related changes in Ki-67 and DCX expression in the BALB/c mouse (Mus Musculus) brain

Document Type



Brain and Mind Institute


Several studies have identified age as one of the strongest regulators of neurogenesis in the mammalian brain. However, previous age-related studies focused mainly on changes in neurogenesis during different stages of adulthood and did not describe changes in neurogenesis through the different life history stages of the animal. The aim of this study was therefore to determine time course changes in neurogenesis in the male BALB/c mouse brain at postnatal ages 1 week to 12 weeks, spanning juvenile, sub adult and adult life history stages. To achieve this, Ki-67 and DCX immunohistochemistry was used to assess changes in cell proliferation and neuronal incorporation respectively. Ki-67 expression was mainly observed in the olfactory bulb, rostral migratory stream, sub ventricular zone of lateral ventricle and the sub granular zone of the dentate gyrus. In addition, fewer Ki-67 positive cells were also observed in the neocortex, cerebellum and tectum. DCX was expressed in similar regions as Ki-67 except for the cerebellum and tectum. Expression of both Ki-67 and DCX sharply decreased with advancing age or life history stages in the sub ventricular zone, rostral migratory stream and sub granular zone of the BALB/c mouse brain. Neurogenesis therefore persists throughout all life history stages in the BALB/c mouse brain although it decreases with age.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience