Title

The distribution of Ki-67 and doublecortin-immunopositive cells in the brains of three Strepsirrhine primates: Galago demidoff, Perodicticus potto, and Lemur catta

Document Type

Article

Department

Brain and Mind Institute

Abstract

This study investigated the pattern of adult neurogenesis throughout the brains of three prosimian primate species using immunohistochemical techniques for endogenous markers of this neural process. Two species, Galago demidoff and Perodicticus potto, were obtained from wild populations in the primary rainforest of central Africa, while one species, Lemur catta, was captive-bred. Two brains from each species, perfusion-fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, were sectioned (50 µm section thickness) in sagittal and coronal planes. Using Ki-67 and doublecortin (DCX) antibodies, proliferating cells and immature neurons were identified in the two canonical neurogenic sites of mammals, the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle (SVZ) giving rise to the rostral migratory stream (RMS), and the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. In addition a temporal migratory stream (TMS), emerging from the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle to supply the piriform cortex and adjacent brain regions with new neurons, was also evident in the three prosimian species. While no Ki-67-immunoreactive cells were observed in the cerebellum, DCX-immunopositive cells were observed in the cerebellar cortex of all three species. These findings are discussed in a phylogenetic context.

Comments

This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication

Neuroscience

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