Stroke in pediatric population is increasingly recognized and has diverse clinical presentation and risk factor profile. Majority of patients survive acute stroke but remain disabled. The reported literature on the subject from our part of world is scarce.Methods:A retrospective chart review was carried out for stroke patients between 1 month and 14 years of age, admitted between January 2009 and January 2015. Their demographic, clinical and radiological data was collected and analyzed.Results:Twenty nine patients were admitted with stroke over 5 years. Their mean age was 5.7 ±11.7 and male to female ratio was 3:1. The most common clinical features reported were seizures (72%), paresis (62%), and altered mental status (52%) followed by fever (38%), cranial nerve palsies (34%) and vomiting (35%). Cardiovascular diseases (28%) were the most common identifiable etiologic factors. Only 59% had unilateral strokes. Fifty five percent had anterior circulation strokes, 14% had posterior circulation strokes while 31% had involvement of both vascular territories. Only 31% had single vessel strokes. Twenty-eight percent of the patient died during the hospital stay (mean stay was 7±5 days). 62% of the infants compared to 18% of older kids (p=0.01), 62% of patients with both vascular territories compared 15% in single territory (p=0.03) and 58% of patients with bilateral strokes compared to 6% in unilateral strokes (p=0.03) died.Conclusions: Cardiovascular diseases are most common etiologic factors of stroke in pediatric age group and it carries high acute mortality. Bilateral and multiple territorial strokes, and age less than one year were associated with acute mortality.
Chand, Prem; Ibrahim, Shahnaz; Matloob Alam, Muhammad; Arain, Fazal; and Khealani, Bhojo
"Acute childhood ischemic stroke: a pakistani tertiary care hospital experience,"
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS): Vol. 11
, Article 2.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pjns/vol11/iss1/2