To compare efficacy of oxybutynin and tolterodine in managing Detrusor Overactivity (DO) in Pakistani patients with different upper motor neuron lesions. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was carried out at Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi from January to August 2015 including individuals with a diagnosis of DO as a result of upper motor neuron lesions. Maximal detrusor pressure (MDP) and maximal cystometric capacity (MCC) were measured at baseline and at four months post-treatment. Group-A was treated with tolterodine and group-B with oxybutynin. Results: A total of 60 individuals (mean age: 43.9 ± 15 years) were included. Majority (83.3%) were male and had spinal cord injury as the commonest etiology (56.7%). Group-A had a mean pre-treatment MCC of 188.3 ± 48.2 ml, and a mean post-treatment MCC of 281.5 ± 49.1 ml (p< 0.001). The mean pre-treatment MDP was 83.6 ± 9.5 cm of H2O, and the mean post-treatment value was 40.9 ± 10.2 cm of H2O (p< 0.001). Group-B had a mean pre-treatment MCC of 209.8 ± 60.5 ml, and mean post-treatment MCC of 308.7 ± 65 ml (p< 0.001). The mean pre-treatment MDP was 80.7 ± 10.6 cm of H2O, and the mean post-treatment value was 40.7 ± 10.1 cm of H2O (p< 0.001). The difference in mean reduction in MCC and MDP produced by tolterodine and oxybutynin was statistically insignificant. Conclusions: Both oxybutynin and tolterodine showed similar efficacy in the treatment of DO based on measurable urodynamic outcomes.
Matee, Sumeera; Ahmad, Mahmood; Farooq, Muhammad Farooq; Ayaz, Saeed Bin; and Akhtar, Noreen
"Comparison of oxybutynin and tolterodine in treatment of detrusor overactivity associated with upper motor neuron lesions, based on changes in urodynamic parameters,"
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS): Vol. 10
, Article 2.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pjns/vol10/iss4/2