Document Type

Article

Department

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan

Abstract

Each year approximately 210 million pregnancies occur worldwide and more than one-third (75 to 80 million) of these are unintended, more than half of these (46 million) unintended pregnancies undergo unsafe abortions. In Pakistan 16% of the births are reported to be unwanted and if the unwanted fertility is eliminated, total fertility in Pakistan would be 3.1 births per woman. Total demand for family planning in Pakistan is 55%, while the contraceptive prevalence rate is 35% and unmet need for family planning is 20%. Reasons for unmet need and unintended pregnancy include lack of permission, fear of side effects, poor quality and limited access to family planning services. Moreover, non-use of contraceptive methods and method failure are important reasons for unintended pregnancy. Women of reproductive age experience multiple adverse outcomes due to unintended pregnancy. These women neither care for themselves nor for their family and due to such careless behavior the likelihood of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality increases. Research on intervention programs for unintended pregnancy needs to be done in future. It is important to focus on how intervention programs should be designed, delivered and examined. Intervention strategies should aim to reduce unintended pregnancy by focusing on all the identified factors so that infant and maternal mortality and morbidity as well as the need for abortion is decreased and the overall well-being of the family is maintained and enhanced. Thus, improved community efforts are required to educate women about family planning as well about the proper use of family planning methods. Improved counseling and proper follow up is required especially of those women who adopt any method. Since improper treatment, incomplete follow up and limited choice of method might lead the women to discontinue the methods, therefore role of quality of care of existing services in improving women’s ability to achieve their desired reproductive goals should be given an attention. In addition to improving the quality of existing family planning services, the focus should be on the follow up of women for assessing the adherence to method and addressing their problems related to any method.

Publication

Elective Medicine Journal