School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan
Objective: Little research evidence is available on the prevalence of problem drinking and other health related behaviours in Hong Kong. The purpose of this study was to test the utility, the validity and reliability of the AUDIT, a well-tested and validated screening instrument for alcohol consumption, in the Chinese language and with a sample of Hong Kong hospital patients. The study examined the prevalence of problem-drinkers amongst a sample of general hospital patients and compared this to the prevalence of other health-related behaviours.
Method: The AUDIT was translated into Chinese and embedded in a broader lifestyle questionnaire and administered to a convenience sample of 121 general hospital patients in a busy Hong Kong general hospital.
Results: 44% of the sample had received no formal education or were educated at the primary level and the respondents felt the people who should be interested in their health were relatives and friends ahead of doctors and nurses. The sample expressed they had a definite weight problem (28%); an eating problem (16%); a smoking problem (22%); a drinking problem (4%) and a fitness problem (23%). The AUDIT proved internally consistent and was able to detect that 44% of the respondents were non-drinkers and that 11 % were drinking at a hazardous or harmful level.
Conclusions: The findings encouraged the future use of this Chinese version of the AUDIT in future research and provided useful baseline data for health related behaviours as well as suggesting that Hong Kong health care workers consider seriously their role in working with people and their families in relation to health promotion and education.
Asian Journal of Nursing Studies
(1999). The prevalence of problem drinking and other health-related behaviours in a sample of Hong Kong general hospital patients. Asian Journal of Nursing Studies, 5(2), 35-44.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_son/263