Paediatrics and Child Health
We report a rare case of congenital unilateral hypoplasia of the lung without any other anomaly at Aga Khan University Hospital. A 7-month-old male infant presented in emergency room with respiratory distress. There was no history of cough and wheeze. X-ray revealed left sided non homogenous opacity along with right sided hyperinflation. A suspicion of foreign body was made on chest X-ray but bronchoscopy was deferred in view of bilateral equal air entry and absence of wheeze. CT scan showed left upper lobe hypoplasia. Child recovered with supportive therapy and was discharged home. To the best of our knowledge unilateral lobar malformation of the lung is an extremely rare entity and few cases have been reported so far.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
(2009). Foreign body or foreign from body--congenital unilateral lobar hypoplasia of lung. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 59(9), 641-3.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_paediatr/32