Paediatrics and Child Health
Objective: To determine the short-term neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI's) as compared to term infants and their association with maternal risk factors.
Study Design: A case control, descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January to December 2009.
Methodology: The study included 326 late preterm babies (defined as those born between 340 ⁄7 to 376 ⁄7 weeks of gestation) and equal number of term control babies at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Data, including obstetric history, maternal complications, neonatal morbidities, etc., was retrieved from patients' medical records. The data was compared with the control group for complications, fetal morbidity and maternal morbidity.
Results: Late preterm infants constituted 10.6% of all deliveries and 77% of all live preterm births during the study period. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) (16.5% vs. 0.3%, p < 0.001), growth retardation (24.8% vs. 4%, p < 0.001), hyperbilirubinemia requiring phototherapy (37.9% vs. 11%, p < 0.001), and sepsis (4.9% vs. 0.3%, p < 0.001) were found to be the major morbidities in the study group. The need for resuscitation was 12.7 times higher in the study group as compared to the term babies (21.4% vs. 1.2%, p < 0.001). NICU admissions in the study group were also higher (18.8% vs. 2.4%, p < 0.001). Hypertension (12.5% vs. 1.5%, p < 0.001), diabetes (12.5% vs. 9.2%, p < 0.001), antenatal history of UTI (1.5% vs. 0.3%, p < 0.001), and prolong rupture of membrane (8.9% vs. 4%, p < 0.001) were significant maternal morbidities in the late preterm group.
Conclusion: The late preterm group had greater morbidity, compared to term neonates. Prior awareness of the morbidities associated with late preterm babies is helpful for the health care providers to anticipate and manage potential complications in late preterm infants.
JCPSP: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan
Ali, S. R.,
(2014). Short-term neonatal outcome in late preterm vs. term infants. JCPSP: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, 24(1), 34-38.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_paediatr/214