Title

On admission hypomagnesemia in critically ill children: Risk factors and outcome

Document Type

Article

Department

Paediatrics and Child Health

Abstract

Objective

To determine the frequency and associated risk factors of hypomagnesemia in pediatric intensive care unit on admission in a developing country.

Methods

It is a retrospective chart review of 179 children aged 1 mo — 15yr admitted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of our university during 18 months and recorded serum Mg level on admission. Patients were divided into two groups according to their Mg level (Normo-magnesemic and Hypomagnesemic) and their p-value, crude and adjusted odds ratios (AoR) were calculated.

Results

Upon admission in PICU 79(44%) patients were found hypomagnesemia. There was no difference in age and gender between two groups. The important risk factors identified were age greater than one yr (p 0.05, AOR 3.71), sepsis (p 0.03, AOR 3.11), hypokalemia (p 0.06, AOR 1.8), hypocalcemia (p 0.05, AOR 1.6), diuretic use (p 0.05, AOR 1.37), Aminoglycoside use (p 0.003, AOR 3.12), and hospitalization greater than five days (p 0.03, AOR 1.71). Those with normomagnesemic had higher mortality rate (32/100 or 32%) than those with hypomagnesemia (22/79 or 27.8%).

Conclusion

The present finding indicates that hypomagnesemia is a common among PICU patients and is influenced by several factors.

Publication

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics