Title

Peripartum hysterectomy: a ten-year experience at a tertiary care hospital in a developing country

Document Type

Article

Department

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Abstract

Acute bleeding after delivery can be a life-threatening complication. Emergency hysterectomy is usually undertaken as a last resort. This study was conducted in order to estimate the incidence, indications, risk factors and complications associated with peripartum hysterectomy performed at a tertiary care hospital. We retrospectively analysed 39 of 45 cases of emergency peripartum hysterectomy performed at the Aga Khan University Hospital from 1997-2006. Peripartum hysterectomy was defined as one performed for a haemorrhage after delivery which is unresponsive to other treatments. The most frequent indications for peripartum hysterectomy were morbidly adherent placenta (46%) and uterine atony (23 /0).The duration of surgery was shorter (P=0.045) but the complications were higher (P=0.029) in total compared with subtotal hysterectomies. Our results suggest that caesarean deliveries are associated with an increased risk for peripartum hysterectomy, which is of concern given the increasing rate of caesarean deliveries. Subtotal hysterectomy is a reasonable alternative in emergency obstetric hysterectomy.

Publication

Tropical Doctor