Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Objective: To evaluate how the implementation of universally acceptable standards affects rates for primary caesarean sections, without compromising maternal or foetal safety.
Method: A complete audit cycle of all the primary caesarean sections performed in the maternity unit of Aga Khan University was conducted from 1st January to 31st March during years 2003 and 2004. New labour management guidelines were implemented after the first audit (appendix). The rates of caesarean section, induction of labour, failed induction, and maternal and foetal outcomes were compared before and after the implementation of the guidelines.
Results: Primary emergency caesarean section rate decreased from 16% to 12%. A reduction in primary caesarean sections was noted in the induced cases. Practice of checking cord blood for foetal pH and maintaining partograms improved markedly. There were no significant adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.
Conclusion: Implementation of standard labour management strategies can reduce primary caesarean section rate without compromising maternal and foetal safety.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
(2008). Reducing the rate of primary caesarean sections--an audit. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 58(8), 444-8.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_obstet_gynaecol/18