Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Objective: To examine the relationship between asthmatic pregnancies and selected maternal and neonatal outcomes in a representative cohort.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital during the year 2004. A random selection was made of 65 asthmatic and 63 non-asthmatic singleton births. The neonatal outcomes studied were birth weight, premature birth and Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes. The maternal outcomes studied were number of hospital admissions, and number of documented UTI during the studied pregnancy and past history of abortions and stillbirths.
Resluts: The mean age of asthmatics and nonasthmatics were 28.0 +/- 4.9 years and 27.7 +/- 3.6 years respectively. The average parity among asthmatic women was 2.97 while that in controls was 2.57 (p < 0.137). Neonates born to asthmatic mothers had shorter mean gestational age with increased risk of premature birth and lower Apgar scores. Asthmatic mothers had a greater risk of abortions and low birth weight babies. They also had higher rates of UTIs and hospital admissions.
Conclusion: Asthmatic pregnancies are more likely to result in abortion, premature delivery and low birth weight babies. The asthmatic pregnancies were also linked with higher rates of maternal UTI. Thcrefore a more vigilant monitoring is required in asthmatic pregnancies.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
(2008). Perinatal outcomes in pregnancy with asthma. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 58(9), 525-7.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_obstet_gynaecol/17