Document Type

Article

Department

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between asthmatic pregnancies and selected maternal and neonatal outcomes in a representative cohort.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital during the year 2004. A random selection was made of 65 asthmatic and 63 non-asthmatic singleton births. The neonatal outcomes studied were birth weight, premature birth and Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes. The maternal outcomes studied were number of hospital admissions, and number of documented UTI during the studied pregnancy and past history of abortions and stillbirths.

Resluts: The mean age of asthmatics and nonasthmatics were 28.0 +/- 4.9 years and 27.7 +/- 3.6 years respectively. The average parity among asthmatic women was 2.97 while that in controls was 2.57 (p < 0.137). Neonates born to asthmatic mothers had shorter mean gestational age with increased risk of premature birth and lower Apgar scores. Asthmatic mothers had a greater risk of abortions and low birth weight babies. They also had higher rates of UTIs and hospital admissions.

Conclusion: Asthmatic pregnancies are more likely to result in abortion, premature delivery and low birth weight babies. The asthmatic pregnancies were also linked with higher rates of maternal UTI. Thcrefore a more vigilant monitoring is required in asthmatic pregnancies.

Publication

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

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