Document Type

Article

Department

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Abstract

Objectives: To assess subjective success rates, complications and impact on quality of life (QoL) in women treated by Tension Free Vaginal Tape for urinary incontinence.

Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was made on 30 consecutive women undergoing TVT procedure alone or as concomitant to other pelvic surgical procedures, from June 2004 to October 2007. All the Patients were evaluated by history, clinical examination with POP-Q (pelvic organ prolapse-quantification) scoring for uterovaginal prolapse and urodynamic testing. Improvement of health-related QoL (quality of life) was assessed by incontinence impact questionnaire-short form (IIQ-7) and urogenital distress inventory-short form (UDI-6). The success of surgery was evaluated by asking whether the incontinence was cured, improved or had no change after the operation. Data was computed and analyzed by using SPSS version 13.

Results: Concomitant surgery was performed in 14 (46.6%) cases. Median age was 47 years and duration of follow up was 14 months (range 4-37 months). Eight (26.6%) women had mixed Urinary Incontinence with Detrusor Overactivity. Previous pelvic surgery like MMK (Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz along with TAH (total abdominal hysterectomy) was found in 5 (16.6%) cases. Complications were listed as per-operative, short-term and long-term. Among the short-term complications Bladder perforation was seen in 2 cases (6.7%) and overt urinary retention in 2 cases (6.7%). Long-term complications as voiding dysfunction occurred in only 1(3.3%) case. Symptoms were labeled as completely cured in 27 (90%) patients, significantly improved in 2(6.6%) and one with mixed incontinence regarded as having worsening of urge symptoms and dysuria.

Conclusion: A median follow up of 14 months showed that our surgical results of TVT alone or with concomitant surgery were similar to internationally published results and TVT can be safely performed with concomitant procedures.

Publication

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

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