Towards an anatomically correct repair for anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary trunk

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Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk is rare, occurring at an incidence of 1 in 300 000. If not diagnosed and treated early, it is life-threatening. Children with the anomaly usually present in infancy with congestive cardiac failure, and are occasionally referred for cardiac transplant. We investigated the medium term outcome for patients following creation of a two-coronary arterial circulation.

Between 1992 and 2007, we diagnosed 15 patients seen at our Institution as having anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk. Over a period of 13 years, aortic reimplantation was undertaken in 12 of these patients, who form the studied cohort.

Direct reimplantation was performed in 5 patients. In 3 cases, a tension-free anastomosis was created using a caudally based flap. In another 3 cases, an extended flap was used, while a patch arterioplasty was fashioned in the final patient. There were no deaths. Left ventricular function recovered in all but one of the patients, and all patients had a reduction in the degree of mitral regurgitation.

Among the variety of surgical techniques, transfer of the anomalous left coronary artery to the aorta is the ideal method for long-term patency and adequate blood supply. This can be achieved by creating flaps based on the walls of the pulmonary trunk and aorta, producing a dual coronary arterial supply with no mortality and low morbidity.


Cardiology in the Young