Title

On-table extubation after open heart surgery in children: an experience from a tertiary care hospital in a developing country.

Document Type

Article

Department

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Abstract

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent advances in various disciplines of medicine have significantly changed the courses following cardiac surgery in children. On-table extubation (OTE) after open heart surgery in children is evolving.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the rate of postoperative complications in children extubated on table after open heart surgery.

DESIGN:

This is a retrospective, descriptive study.

SETTING:

Operating room (OR) then admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

PATIENTS:

All pediatric patients (between 0 and 18 years) undergoing open heart surgery between January 2011 and June 2013.

INTERVENTION:

On-table extubation.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Rates of immediate postoperative complications, i.e., re-intubation, significant bleeding, low cardiac output syndrome, and arrhythmia in PICU, were assessed. Data are presented as frequencies and mean ± standard deviation.

RESULTS:

A total of 82 patients were included. Mean age at time of operation was 7.25 ± 6.6 years. Fifty-three percent (n = 44) were <5 years old and 64% (n = 53) were men. Ventricular septal defect (47%, n = 39) was the most common lesion, followed by atrial septal defect (36%, n = 30), and tetralogy of Fallot (15%, n = 12), which were repaired. Cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross clamp time were 72.3 ± 34.2 and 47.3 ± 27.8 minutes, respectively. The mean inotrope score was 2.66 ± 3.53. There was no mortality in the cohort, whereas 97.8% (n = 80) had no complications during PICU stay. One patient (1.1%) required re-intubation for respiratory failure and one patient (1.1%) had arrhythmia that was medically managed. The mean length of PICU stay was 1.77 ± 0.985 days.

CONCLUSION:

On-table extubation in children after open heart surgery was feasible and safe in selected group of patients. There was no major complication observed in the PICU.

Publication

Congenit Heart Dis