Title

Polyaxial screws for lumbo-iliac fixation after sacral tumor resection: experience with a new technique for an old surgical problem.

Document Type

Article

Department

Surgery

Abstract

Background:Although numerous reports have been published about various methods for reconstruction after sacrectomies, there are still biomechanical and technical dilemmas that are unaddressed. This report describes the experience at authors' institution of five cases in which polyaxial pedicle screws construct has been successfully used for lumbo-iliac fixation after sacral tumor resection.

Methods:

Five cases of sacral tumors, two of Ewing's sarcoma and three of giant cell tumor (GCT) underwent surgical resection and then reconstruction was done with hardware using vertical rods placed alongside the spine bilaterally, transfixing monoaxial and polyaxial pedicle screws in lower lumbar levels and polyaxial screws into the ilium bilaterally. Cross links were also used to connect the two vertical members, thus enhancing biomechanical stability of the construct. Use of autologous bone grafts was relied upon to fill the gap created by sacral resection.

Results:

No instrumentation failure was noted and the continuity of the spine and pelvis was well established with the instrumentation and auto grafts. In follow up of these Patients (1-3 years), no complications were seen.

Conclusions:

Polyaxial pedicle screws fixation is an effective technique to transmit axial load from spine to the appendicular bone and can be used safely in Patients in whom sacral integrity is compromised after surgical resection. However, the long term benefits of this technique need to be evaluated.

Publication

International Journal of Surgery (London, England)