OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences and delay in presentation of childhood squint in a tertiary care hospital.
METHODS: It was a series of children presenting with squint at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. We retrospectively studied the cases presenting between February 2000 and July 2007.
RESULTS: A total of 107 children with squint were seen. Of these, 55 (52.4%) were girls. A statistically significant difference was observed between the mean age at presentation (+/- SD) of boys and girls (3 years and 5 months vs 4 years and 5 months p: < 0.05). Girls had a greater mean (SD) and median (range) delay in squint presentation than had boys (2 year 4 months +/- 3 years vs 3 years +/- 2 year 8 months) and 2 year 3 months (1 month to 12 years) vs 1 year 3 months (1 month to 14 years), respectively. Overall amblyopia was present in 25.3% (23/91) children. Girls also had a higher burden of amblyopia compared with their male counterparts though the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.09).
CONCLUSION: There was a significant gender difference in age at presentation of childhood squint in our study. Further research is recommended to explore the reasons for this.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
(2009). Gender differences and delay in presentation of childhood squint. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 59(4), 229-31.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_ophthalmol/9