Title

Traumatic retroclival epidural hematoma in pediatric patient-Case report and review of literature.

Document Type

Article

Department

Neurosurgery

Abstract

Background:Retroclival epidural hematoma (REDH) is a very rare entity in the practical field of neurosurgery. Only a few cases have been reported in literature. The authors present to you case of a 12-year-old female, a victim of road traffic accident (RTA), who had presented to us with loss of consciousness and seizures. Case Description: Magnetic resonance imaging revealed retroclival hematoma. She was managed on conservative grounds and discharged with assurance of multiple follow-up visits.

Conclusion:

Very few cases of REDH have been reported in pediatric population to date. It should be suspected in children with head and neck injuries who have been a victim of RTAs. Most likely underdiagnosed due to its rarity, therefore, MRI should be considered when the suspicion is high. Atlanto-occipital dislocation should always be kept under consideration in all cases, and therefore should be managed and monitored very cautiously. In this report, the authors also present concise review of the literature pertaining to the pathogenesis and management of this rare clinical entity which has a high likelihood to be encountered and underdiagnosed by neurosurgeons in Emergency Room.

Publication

Surgical Neurology International