Title

Case-control study of suicide in Karachi, Pakistan

Document Type

Article

Department

Psychiatry

Abstract

Background: In recent years suicide has become a major public health problem in Pakistan. Aims: To identify major risk factors associated with suicides in Karachi, Pakistan. Method: A matched case-control psychological autopsy study. interviews were conducted for 100 consecutive suicides, which were matched for age, gender and area of residence with 100 living controls. Results: Both univariate analysis and conditional logistic regression model results indicate that predictors of suicides in Pakistan are psychiatric disorders (especially depression), marital status (being married), unemployment, and negative and stressful life events. only a few individuals were receiving treatment at the time of suicide. None of the victims had been in contact with a health professional in the month before suicide. Conclusions: Suicide in Pakistan is strongly associated with depression, which is under-recognised and under-treated, The absence of an effective primary healthcare system in which mental health could be integrated poses unique challenges for suicide prevention in Pakistan.

Publication

British Journal of Psychiatry