Title

DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction analyses of hyperplastic, atypical and cancerous endometrium using flow cytometry from paraffin-embedded tissues

Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Microbiology

Abstract

Atypical hyperplasia of the endometrium is an entity that needs to be clearly distinguished from other florid hyperplastic states on the one hand and from well-differentiated adenocarcinomas on the other. This may at times be difficult on pure morphological grounds. In this study, DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction of hyperplastic, atypical and cancerous endometrium were evaluated using flow cytometry from paraffin-embedded tissues. In total, 72 cases (24 hyperplastic, 24 atypical and 24 adenocarcinomas) were selected. All hyperplastic endometria showed a diploid stemline, while 2/24 atypical hyperplasias showed aneuploid (near-diploid) peaks. Both of these cases were severely atypical and one of these, on hysterectomy, showed early invasive carcinoma. There was no significant difference in mean S-phase fractions of hyperplastic vs. atypical endometria. DNA aneuploidy was significantly more common with much higher S-phase fractions in poorly and moderately differentiated carcinomas than in well-differentiated ones. It was concluded that aneuploid (near-diploid) peaks, if ever present in atypical hyperplasias, may indicate an aggressive disease/neoplastic transformation.

Publication

Pathology - Research and Practice