Title

Estrogen receptor alpha-negative and progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer: lab error or real entity?

Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Microbiology

Abstract

Aretrospective study comparing the estrogen receptor (ER) alpha subtype and progesterone receptor (PR) profile of breast carcinomas amongst 1625 cases over 2.5 years was carried out. Strictly speaking it is generally believed that breast carcinomas can biochemically express PR only if they are ER-positive. However, a few ERalpha-PR+ cases do exist paradoxically. This class of tumors was the focus of our study in which we looked at the possible reasons for such an immunophenotype and compared it with a group of ERalpha+PR+ breast carcinomas. An internationally recognized immunohistochemical method employing monoclonal antibodies against estrogen and progesterone receptors was used. Correlations with established risk factors i.e. menopausal status, grade, tumor size and lymph node status were analyzed for our study group (ERalpha-PR+) and compared with a control (ERalpha+PR+). Out of the total 1625 cases, 29.91% (486) were ERalpha+PR+, 5.11% (83) were ERalpha+PR-, 56.86% (924) were ERalpha-PR- and 8.12% (132) were ERalpha-PR+. Patients' age was significantly lower in the ERalpha-PR+ group (P=0.002). Statistical analysis of the grading between the two study groups revealed no significant difference (P=0.091), although the ERalpha-PR+ group contained significantly more poorly differentiated tumors than the ERalpha+PR+ one (P=0.032). Tumor size was also significantly larger in the ERalpha-PR+ than in the ERalpha+PR+ group (P=0.046). The frequency of lymph node metastases was independent of receptor profile. In conclusion, our study group does exhibit characteristics which are suggestive of a distinct breast cancer phenotype (ERalpha-PR+) with a different etiology and prognosis.

Publication

Pathology and Oncology Research