Title

Temporal trends in risk factors and outcome of intracerebral hemorrhage over 18 years at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.

Document Type

Article

Department

Neurology

Abstract

Background: The Purpose of this study was to analyze the baseline characteristics and outcomes of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) Patients at our center over the last 18 years. Methods:Patients with ICH (first-time) were identified from medical records using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes from 1988 to 2005. Patients were divided into 2 groups, with each group spanning 9 years based on the year of admission: the old group (admitted between 1988 and 1996) and the newer group (admitted between 1997 and 2005).

Results:

Out of 920 Patients, the number of admissions with ICH increased from(average) during 1988 to 1996 to >60 per year (average) during 1997 to 2005. The findings indicate that the percentage of cases in males decreased from 72% to 55% in the newer group as compared to the older group, while female ICH admissions increased from 28% to 45%. Mean age of ICH onset for both men and women decreased about 5 years, but this difference was not statistically significant. Frequency of diabetes (14% v 30%), dyslipidemia (3% v 18%), and the use of antihypertensive medications (29% v 69%) was higher in newer group, while the frequency of lobar hemorrhage was found to be reduced (40% v 20%) in newer group. Lower mortality (22% in the newer group v 32% in the older group) was noted. A decreased length of hospital stay for the newer group was recorded, but this difference was not found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion:

The mean age of ICH onset for both men and women has decreased about 5 years in the newer group. Men and women were equally affected in recent years as compared to male predominance in the older group.

Publication

Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the official Journal of National Stroke Association