Hepatocyte-specific gene expression from integrated lentiviral vectors
BACKGROUND: For many applications, efficient gene therapy will require long-term, organ-specific therapeutic gene expression. Lentiviral vectors based on HIV-1 are promising gene delivery vehicles due to their ability to integrate transgenes into non-dividing cells. Many experimental vectors express transgenes under the control of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate-early gene promoter. Although this promoter directs strong gene expression in vitro, it may be shut off rapidly in vivo. This study explores the potential of HIV-1-based vectors to transduce hepatocytes and compares gene expression from different promoters in integrated vectors.
METHODS: HIV-1-based vector plasmids expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the CMV promoter, the alpha-1 antitrypsin gene promoter or promoters derived from the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome were used to compare expression in transfected and transduced cell lines.
RESULTS: Hepatocyte cell lines differed strikingly in their transfectability. Transduction with replication-deficient HIV-1-based vector particles incorporating the different promoter elements was uniformly effective in hepatocyte and non-hepatocyte lines. However, in hepatocytes, only the CMV, alpha-1 antitrypsin and HBV core but not HBV surface promoters were able to produce GFP expression. Addition of the HBV enhancer 2 element improved the transducing ability of the HBV surface promoter and suppressed expression in non-hepatocytes increasing specificity for hepatocytes.
CONCLUSIONS: Integrated lentiviral vectors can be used to direct transgene expression in liver cells both promiscuously and specifically. Promoters derived from the alpha-1 antitrypsin gene or HBV are alternatives to the CMV promoter. Inclusion of the HBV enhancer 2 permits strong liver-specific gene expression in vitro
The Journal of Gene Medicine
(2004). Hepatocyte-specific gene expression from integrated lentiviral vectors. The Journal of Gene Medicine, 6(9), 974-983.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_med_med/476