The aim of this study was to obtain data on predisposing factors, causative organisms and their associated mortality and complications related to acute bacterial meningitis.
The chart review of all patients in whom acute bacterial meningitis was diagnosed at The Aga Khan University Hospital from January 1995 through December 2001.
One hundred ninety-four patients were included in study. There were 146 males and 48 females. The mean age of our study population was 41±12.3 years. One hundred and ninety (97.9%) patients had community acquired meningitis; only 4 (2.0%) patients developed meningitis nosocomially. The two most common predisposing factors were diabetes mellitus (13.9%) and otitis media (7.7%) among all 194 patients. A significant proportion of patients with complications had diabetes mellitus (24.6%, p
Bacterial Meningitis remains a serious disease associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Most cases are community acquired with S. Pneumoniae being the most common pathogen. Old age, diabetes mellitus, a positive culture, seizures as a complication and late stage in the disease are the important predictors of a poor outcome (JPMA 53:580;2003).
Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
Rabbani, M. A.,
Khan, A. A.,
Ali, S. S.,
Khan, M. A.,
(2003). Spectrum of complications and mortality of bacterial meningitis: an experience from a developing country. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 53(12).
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_med_med/183