Title

Safety and utility of oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy in acute myocardial infarction

Document Type

Article

Department

Gastroenterology

Abstract

Aim: To study the safety and utility of performing an oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods:

Case records of all Patients who underwent an EGD for various indications within 4 weeks of an AMI between January 2001 and April 2006 were analyzed. Demographic data, indications for endoscopy, outcomes and complications were noted. Main outcome measures included safety and utility of endoscopy in AMI.

Results:

A total of 87 EGDs were performed on 85 Patients with AMI. Seventy (83%) Patients had a non-ST elevation M 1, whereas 15 (17%) had ST elevation MI. Mean time between EGD and AMI was 6 +/- 1.8 days. Indications for EGD were hematemesis and/or melena on presentation in 38 (44.7%), hematemesis and/or melena post anticoagulation in 27 (31.8%). EGD findings were gastric ulcer/erosions in 30 (34%), oesophago-gastric varices in 20 (22%), erosive oesophagitis in 17 (20%) and duodenal ulcer in 11 (13%). Diagnostic yield of EGD was 88%. Endoscopic interventions were performed in 26 (30%) Patients with high risk of bleeding lesion. There were no EGD-related mortality, whereas 14 Patients re-bled. A total of 21 Patients died, including 7/14 (50%) who re-bled, compared with 14/71 (19%) without rebleed (P=0.008). There were no EGD-related deaths. Fourteen Patients were on mechanical ventilation and 6/14 (43%) of these died as compared with 15/88 (17%) who were not ventilated (P=0.027).

Conclusion:

EGD is safe and useful in diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage in Patients with AMI, and allows decisions about anticoagulation. Re-bleed and need for mechanical ventilation predicts poor outcome in these Patients.

Publication

European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology