Safety and Efficacy of Drug-Eluting Balloons in the Treatment of Drug-Eluting In-Stent Restenosis: Experience of a Tertiary Care Hospital

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Background: The advent of drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) is a promising development for coronary revascularization procedures, especially for in-stent restenosis (ISR). This study aims to highlight our experience with DEBs in the treatment of drug-eluting ISR at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Methods: All Patients presenting to our institution from August 2008 to February 2011 with significant drug-eluting in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) who were eligible to receive treatment via DEB were included in the analysis. Patient baseline characteristics and angiographic data about the lesion characteristics were obtained. Postprocedural and follow-up endpoints, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization, ie, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), were included in the analysis. Results: A total of 26 Patients received treatment with DEB in the study period, with a significant number having major predisposing factors for the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD, 46% diabetics, 92% hypertensives). The culprit lesion was most commonly identified in the left anterior descending (31%), with presence of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association lesion type C in 68% of Patients. The SeQuent Please paclitaxel-eluting balloon (B. Braun) was used for revascularization. Patients were followed for a median of 16 months. Only 5 Patients (19%) developed MACE during this period. Conclusion: Our experience demonstrates the effectiveness of DEBs in the treatment of drug-eluting ISR, especially in complex lesions with Patients having significant risk factors for development of IHD. However, further studies are needed to define their indications in this role.


Journal of Invasive Cardiology