To study the correlation between carrier status of nasal Staphylococcus aureus in patients on haemodialysis with hepatitis C, hepatitis B and their sociodemographic features
To study the correlation of nasal Staphylococcus aureus carrier status in patients on haemodialysis, infected by hepatitis Cvirus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and their sociodemographic features.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
A survey, including patients' sociodemographic features, was applied to patients by physicians in face to face interviews. Medical records regarding their serologic data were recorded from haemodialysis centres. Nasal swab samples of 2 cm depth from both nostrils of patients were obtained for nasal culture. Samples were inoculated in 5% sheep blood agar and incubated in an incubator at a temperature of 37 degrees C for 24 hours. The results were studied by the same microbiologist.
A total of 185 patients were enrolled in the study. According to culture results, 14.1% of patients (n = 26) had methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and 1.1% (n = 2) had methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).Status of viral hepatitis was 3.8% (n = 8), 10.8% (n = 20) for HBV and HCV respectively. Forty per cent (n = 8) of patients with HBV (+) had MSSA carrier status. Statistically significant positive correlation between MSSA and HCV carrier was detected (r = 0.325, p = 0.001) but not between HBV carrier and MSSA (p = 0.255).
In the present study, significant positivity was detected between MSSA carrier status and HCV in patients onhaemodialysis and who have lived together with < or = 2 family members at home. Particularly, statistically significant correlationbetween HCV(+) and MSSA carrier was observed.
West Indian Medical Journal
Gok, D. E.,
Yilmaz, M. I.,
Doganer, Y. C.,
Kara, H. I.,
(2012). To study the correlation between carrier status of nasal Staphylococcus aureus in patients on haemodialysis with hepatitis C, hepatitis B and their sociodemographic features. West Indian Medical Journal, 61(2), 139-44.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_fam_med/52