Epidemiology of stillbirth in low-middle income countries: A Global Network Study
Objective: To determine population-based stillbirth rates and to determine whether the timing and maturity of the stillbirths suggest a high proportion of potentially preventable deaths. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Communities in six low-income countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Zambia, Guatemala, India, and Pakistan) and one site in a mid-income country (Argentina). Population. Pregnant women residing in the study communities. Methods: Over a five-year period, in selected catchment areas, using multiple methodologies, trained study staff obtained pregnancy outcomes on each delivery in their area. Main outcome measures. Pregnancy outcome, stillbirth characteristics. Results: Outcomes of 195 400 deliveries were included. Stillbirth rates ranged from 32 per 1 000 in Pakistan to 8 per 1 000 births in Argentina. Three-fourths (76%) of stillbirth offspring were not macerated, 63% were =37 weeks and 48% weighed 2 500g or more. Across all sites, women with no education, of high and low parity, of older age, and without access to antenatal care were at significantly greater risk for stillbirth (p
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
(2011). Epidemiology of stillbirth in low-middle income countries: A Global Network Study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 90(12), 1379-1385.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_fam_med/20