Title

Cardiac disease in beta-thalassaemia major: is it reversible?

Document Type

Article

Department

Emergency Medicine; Paediatrics and Child Health; Haematology/Oncology

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study was to evaluate the spectrum of cardiac involvement and its outcome in beta-thalassaemia major.

Methods

There were 75 patients with a mean age of 13.8 (+/- 5.5) years, of whom 33 were male and 42 were female. Clinical history, examination and laboratory investigations were assessed. Electrocardiograms, chest radiographs and echocardiograms were reviewed.

Results

44 patients had cardiac involvement in the form of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in 17, diastolic dysfunction in 22, pericardial effusion in 12 and pulmonary hypertension in 12 patients. With intense chelation therapy and cardiac medications, the condition of 13 of 17 patients with systolic dysfunction, and four of 22 with diastolic dysfunction, improved.

Conclusion

Cardiac disease is a common complication of siderotic disease in thalassaemia major and it can be prevented with regular chelation. This study has shown improved systolic function after regular chelation therapy.

Publication

Singapore Medical Journal

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.