High normal levels of albuminuria and risk of hypertension in Indo-Asian population.
Community Health Sciences
Urine albumin excretion in the high normal range [urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) 10-29 mg/g)] predicts hypertension in European-origin populations. However, the prognostic significance of UACR in the high normal range for incident hypertension is unclear in Indo-Asians. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of normal to high normal levels of UACR and incident hypertension.
We conducted a nested cohort study within a cluster randomized controlled trial in Pakistan on 1272 normotensive non-diabetic adults aged ≥ 40 years with UACR/g. Incident hypertension was defined as new onset of systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic ≥ 90 mmHg or initiation of antihypertensive therapy.
A total of 920 (72.3%) participants completed the 2-year final follow-up. During this time, 105 (11.4%) developed incident hypertension. In the multivariable model, the odds [95% confidence interval (CI)] for incident hypertension were 2.45(1.21-4.98) for those in the fourth (top) quartile (≥ 6.1 mg/g) and 2.12 (1.04-4.35) in the third quartile (3.8-6.1 mg/g) compared to those in the lowest quartile (
High normal levels of albuminuria as measured by UACR predict hypertension in non-diabetic Indo-Asians, and this relationship may be enhanced in individuals with low baseline SBP. Further research is needed to assess the clinical applicability of these findings.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Levey, A. S.,
(2012). High normal levels of albuminuria and risk of hypertension in Indo-Asian population.. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 27(Supplement.3), iii58-iii64.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_chs_chs/251