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Submissions from 2017

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Survellience system for child abuse: Bridging the gap between actual and hidden cases., Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, and Salima Farooq

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The relationship between contraceptive use and unintended pregnancies among married women in Thatta district, Pakistan., Sumera Aziz Ali and Farina Abrejo

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Childhood and adolescent obesity: Primary Health Care Physicians’ perspectives from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Faiza Nasser AlOtaibi, Majeedah AlOtaibi, Shiakhah AlAnazi, Hanan Al-Gethami, Deemah AlAteeq, Rowaydah Mishiddi, and Amna Rehana Siddiqui

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Effects of essential newborn care training on fresh stillbirths and early neonatal deaths by maternal education., Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Waldemar A Carlo, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Imtiaz Jehan, Antoinette Tshefu, Ana Garces, Sansita Parida, Fernando Althabe, Elizabeth M. McClure, Richard J. Derman, Robert L. Goldenberg, Carl L. Bose, Nancy F. Krebs, Puspamitra Panigrahi, Pierre Buekens, Debra Wallace, Moore J., Marion Koso-Thomas, and Linda L. Wright

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Tobacco control environment: cross-sectional survey of policy implementation, social unacceptability, knowledge of tobacco health harms and relationship to quit ratio in 17 low-income, middle-income and high-income countries., Clara K. Chow, Daniel J. Corsi, Anna B. Gilmore, Annamarie Kruger, Ehimario Igumbor, Jephat Chifamba, Wang Yang, Li Wei, Romaina Iqbal, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, V Mohan, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Katarzyna Zatonska, Yuksel Altuntas, Annika Rosengren, Ahmad Bahonar, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fernando Lanas, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, Martin McKee, and Salim Yusuf

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Epidemiological differences between localized and nonlocalized low back pain., David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T. Palmer, Vanda E. Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H. Barrero, Sarah A. Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R. Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Sudath SP Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R. Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M.M. Sarquis, Maria H. Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V. Monroy, Leonardo A. Quintana, Marianela Rojas, Elizabeth Clare Harris, Consol Serra, Jose´ Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G. Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M. Ferrario, Angela C. Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J. Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A. Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L. Kelsall, Victor C.W. Hoe, Donna M. Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, and Eduardo J. Salazar Vega

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Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study., Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathi Swaminathan, Wei Li, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Rajesh Kumar, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Annika Rosengren, Leela Itty Amma, Alvaro Avezum, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Rasha Khatib, Scott Lear, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Xiaoyun Liu, Rajeev Gupta, Noushin Mohammadifard, Nan Gao, Aytekin Oguz, Anis Safura Ramli, Pamela Seron, Yi Sun, Andrzej Szuba, Lungiswa Tsolekile, Andreas Wielgosz, Rita Yusuf, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Koon K. Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Gilles Dagenais, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Shofiqul Islam, Sonia S. Anand, and Salim Yusuf

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Persistent albuminuria as a surrogate marker of chronic kidney damage among newly diagnosed hypertensives: Prevalence and risk factors in an urban population in Karachi, Pakistan., Muslima Ejaz, Ejaz Ahmed, Muhammed Mubarak, Tazeen Jafar, Juanita Hatcher, and Tazeen Jafar

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Quality of life perceptions in school-going adolescents with social anxiety., Syeda Ayesha Farooq, Aeman Muneeb, Warda Ajmal, Maaida Asif Tauni, Sana Mahmood, Syed Kalimullah Sohaib Qadri, Asfand Yar Butt, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Syed Hamza Sohail, and Narjis Rizvi

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Lead exposure assessment among pregnant women, newborns, and children: case study from Karachi, Pakistan., Zafar Fatmi, Ambreen Sahito, Akihiko Ikegami, Atsuko Mizuno, Xiaoyi Cui, Nathan Mise, Mai Takagi, Yayoi Kobayashi, and Fujio Kayama

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Maternal near miss in low-resource areas., Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Aziz Ali, Janet L. Moore, Adrien Lokangako, Antoinette Tshefu, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad Goudar, Bhalachandra Kodkany, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nsyonge, Margo S. Harrison, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L. Bose, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Richard J. Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Edward A. Liechty, Dennis D. Wallace, Jose M. Belizan, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Waldemar A. Carlo, Alan H. Jobe, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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A prospective study of maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes in the setting of cesarean section in low- and middle-income countries., Margo S. Harrison, Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Aziz Ali, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana L. Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Bhala Kodkany, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J. Derman, Archana Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Janet L. Moore, Dennis Wallace, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Jose Belizan, Antoinette K. Tshefu, Melissa Bauserman, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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A description of the methods of the aspirin supplementation for pregnancy indicated risk reduction in nulliparas (ASPIRIN) study., Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Bhalachandra S. Kodkany, Norman Goco, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Elizabeth M. McClure, Dennis D. Wallace, Jennifer J. emingway-Foday, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Robert Silver, and Richard J. Derman

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Multicomponent intervention versus usual care for management of hypertension in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial., Tazeen H. Jafar, Imtiaz Jehan, H. Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Mihir Gandhi, Pryseley Assam, Eric A. Finkelstein, Helena Legido Quigley, Marcel Bilger, Aamir Hameed, John David Clemens, Shah Ebrahim, Elizabeth L. Turner, and Anuradhani Kasturiratne

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Validation of respiratory questionnaire for lung function assessment among an occupational group of textile workers in Pakistan., Tanzil Jamali and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Overview of coronary heart disease risk initiatives in South Asia., Ankur Kalra, Deepak L. Bhatt, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Kunal Suri, Sundeep Mishra, Romaina Iqbal, and Salim S. Virani

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Association of post-traumatic stress disorder and work performance: A survey from an emergency medical service, Karachi, Pakistan., Salima Kerai, Omrana Pasha, Uzma R. Khan, Muhammad Islam, Nargis Asad, and junaid Razzak

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A mixed methods study to assess the effectiveness of food-based interventions to prevent stunting among children under-five years in districts Thatta and Sujawal, Sindh province, Pakistan: study protocol, Sumra Kureishy; Gul Nawaz Khan; Shabina Arrif,; Khizar Ashraf; Angela Cespedes; Atif Habib; Imtiaz Hussain; Asmat Ullah; Ali Turab; Imran Ahmed; Shehla Zaidi; and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Repeat 24-hour recalls and locally developed food composition databases: a feasible method to estimate dietary adequacy in a multi-site preconception maternal nutrition RCT., Rebecca L. Lander, K. Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Gabriela Tejeda, Adrien Lokangaka, Tshilenge S. Diba, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Ranjitha Honnayya, Sumera Aziz Ali, Umber S. Khan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Kristen B. Stolka, and For the Women First Preconception Nutrition Trial Group

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Did contracting effect the use of primary health care units in Pakistan?, ashar muhammad malik, Ellen Van de Poel, and Eddy Van Doorslaer

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Nature, scope and use of economic evaluation of healthcare programmes: with special reference to Pakistan., Muhammad Ashar Malik, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, and Farina Abrejo

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Expenditure tracking and review of reproductive maternal, newborn and child health policy in Pakistan., Muhammad Ashar Malik, Abdul Sattar Nahyoun, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Association of dietary nutrients with blood lipids and blood pressure in 18 countries: a cross-sectional analysis from the PURE study., Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Matthew McQueen, Gilles Dagenais, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott Lear, Wei Li, Hui Chen, Sun Yi, Yang Wang, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Pamela Seron, Rajesh Kumar, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathi Swaminathan, Raman Kutty, Katarzyna Zatonska, Romaina Iqbal, Rita Yusuf, Noushin Mohammadifard, Rasha Khatib, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Noorhassim Ismail, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Thandi Puoane, Jephat Chifamba, Koon Teo, Sonia S. Anand, and Salim Yusuf

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Comparison of multiple obesity indices for cardiovascular disease risk classification in South Asian adults: The CARRS Study., Shivani A. Patel, Mohan Deepa, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K. Ali, Deksha Kapoor, Ruby Gupta, Dorothy Lall, Nikhil Tandon, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, and K. M. Venkat Narayan

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Risk assessment for arsenic-contaminated groundwater along River Indus in Pakistan., Unaib Rabbani, Gohar Mahar, Azhar Siddique, and Zafar Fatmi

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Pulmonary tuberculosis is associated with biomass fuel use among rural women in Pakistan: an age- and residence-matched case-control study., Unaib Rabbani, Ambreen Sahito, Asaad A. Nafees, Ambreen Kazi, and Zafar Fatmi

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New leadership model for family physicians in the Eastern Mediterranean region: a pilot study across selected countries, Salman Rawaf, Waris Qidwai, TAM Khoja, Kashmira Nanji, NY Kurashi, F Alnasir, MA Al Shafaee, M Al Shetti, M Bashir, NES Saad, S Alkaisi, W Halasa, H Al-Duwaisan, A Al-Ali, TM Farahat, M Tarawneh, A Khathami, A Abutiheen, Iqbal Azam Syed, and A Swaka

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Coverage and predictors of routine immunization among 12-23 months old children in disaster affected communities in Pakistan., Shafiq Ur Rehman, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Jamil Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Sayed Masoom Shah, Aisha Rahman Aisha Rahman, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Multilevel modeling of binary outcomes with three-level complex health survey data., Shafquat Rozi, Sadia Mahmud, Gillian Lancaster, Wilbur Hadden, and Gregory Pappas

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Motivating and demotivating factors for community health workers engaged in maternal, newborn and child health programs in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review., Leah Shipton, Aysha Zahidie, and F. Rabbani

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Associations of sleep duration and disturbances with hypertension in metropolitan cities of Delhi, Chennai, and Karachi in South Asia: cross-sectional analysis of the CARRS study., Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Mohammed K. Ali, Ruby Gupta, Rajendra Pradeepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, and Anne Peasey

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Human Cytomegalovirus: a neglected public health area of significant relevance to women, the foetus and new born. Time for action!, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Saira Ibrahim, Anwar Ali Siddiqui, Paul Moss, and El-Nasir Lalani

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Coping styles and depression among patients with solid organ cancers attending two tertiary care hospitals of Karachi: a cross sectional study., Khadija Vadsaria, Adnan Jabbar, Iqbal Azam Syed, Sameera Rizvi, Ghulam Haider, and Haider Naqvi

Submissions from 2016

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Geographic access to working family planning centers and unintended pregnancies among married women: a community based nested case control study., Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem, Neelofar Sami, Mir Shabbar, Muhammad Ahmed, Shafquat Rozi, Robert L. Goldenberg, Margo S. Harrison, and Omrana Pasha

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Prevalence and determinants of unintended pregnancy: systematic review, Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, and Waris Qidwai

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The Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT)'s explanations for neonatal mortality - a secondary analysis., Fernando Althabe, Vanessa Thorsten, Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Patricia L. Hibberd, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Nellie I. Hansen, Sreelatha Meleth, Dennis D. Wallace, Marion Koso-Thomas, Alan H. Jobe, Pierre M. Buekens, and José M. Belizán

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Home-based early intervention and the influence of family resources on cognitive development., Carla M. Bann, Jan L. Wallander, Barbara Do, Vanessa Thorsten, Omrana Pasha, Fred J. Biasini, Roopa Bellad, Shivaprasad Goudar, Elwyn Chomba, Elizabeth McClure, and Waldemar A. Waldemar A. Carlo

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Use of antenatal corticosteroids at health facilities and communities in low-and-middle income countries., Mabel Berrueta, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Patricia L. Hibberd, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Marion Koso-Thomas, Pierre M. Buekens, José M. Belizán, and Fernando Althabe

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Variations in diabetes prevalence in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: results from the prospective urban and rural epidemiological study., Gilles R. Dagenais, Hertzel C. Gerstein, Xiaohe Zhang, Matthew McQueen, Scott Lear, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, V. Raman Kutty, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Katarzyna Zatonska, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Roya Kelishadi, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Fernando Lanas, Annamarie Kruger, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal, Noorhassim Ismail, Bai Xiulin, Liu Jiankang, Deng Wenqing, Yue Gejie, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, and Salim Yusuf

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Coronary heart disease and household air pollution from use of solid fuel: a systematic review., Zafar Fatmi and David Coggon

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Stretching the boundaries of medical education: A case of medical college embracing humanities and social sciences in medical education, Kulsoom Ghias, Kausar S. Khan, Rukhsana Ali, Shireen Azfar, and Rashida Ahmed

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Reducing stillbirths in low-income countries., Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Margo S. Harrison, and Elizabeth M. Mcclure

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The role of micro health insurance in providing financial risk protection in developing countries- a systematic review., Shifa Salman Habib, Shagufta Perveen, and Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja

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Population Health Science: A Core Element of Health Science Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Robert A. Hiatt, Natalie J. Engmann, Mushtaq Ahmed, Yasmin Amarsi, William Macharia, Sarah B. Macfarlane, Anthony Ngugi, F. Rabbani, Gijs Walraven, and Robert Armstrong

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External lead contamination of women's nails by surma in Pakistan: Is the biomarker reliable?, Akihiko Ikegami, Mai Takagi, Zafar Fatmi, Yayoi Kobayashi, Mayumi Ohtsu, Xiaoyi Cui, Nathan Mise, Atsuko Mizuno, Ambreen Sahito, Aneeta Khoso, and Fujio Kayama

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Control of blood pressure and risk attenuation: a public health intervention in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka: feasibility trial results., Tazeen H. Jafar, Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, Feng Liang, Pryseley N. Assam, Helena Legido-Quigley, Eric A. Finkelstein, Shah Ebrahim, Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Dewan Alam, and Aamir Hameed

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Exposure assessment of lead from food and airborne dusts and biomonitoring in pregnant mothers, their fetus and siblings in Karachi, Pakistan and Shimotsuke, Japan., Fujio Kayama, Zafar Fatmi, Akihiko Ikegami, Atsuko Mizuno, Mayumi Ohtsu, Nathern Mise, Xiaoyi Cui, Masanori Ogawa, Takako Sakamoto, Yoshiko Nakagi, Takahiko Yoshida, Ambreen Sahito, Shahla Naeem, Kulsoom Ghias, Hina Saeed Zuberi, Kanwal Tariq, Yayoi Kobayashi, and Keiko Nohara

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Perspectives regarding antenatal care, delivery and breast feeding practices of women from Baluchistan, Pakistan., Aneeta Khoso, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, and Ghazala Rafique

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The Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT): a secondary analysis to explore site differences in a multi-country trial., Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Daniela Colaci, Vanessa Thorsten, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Edward A. Liechty, Marion Koso-Thomas, Pierre M. Buekens, José M. Belizán, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Fernando Althabe

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Economic burden of mental illnesses in Pakistan., ashar muhammad malik and Murad Moosa Khan

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Countdown to 2015 country case studies: what can analysis of national health financing contribute to understanding MDG 4 and 5 progress?, Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Ashar Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, and Peter Berman

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Associations of urinary sodium excretion with cardiovascular events in individuals with and without hypertension: a pooled analysis of data from four studies., Andrew Mente, Martin O'Donnell, Sumathy Rangarajan, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Matthew McQueen, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fernando Lanas, Wei Li, Yin Lu, Sun Yi, Lei Rensheng, Romaina Iqbal, Prem Mony, Rita Yusuf, Khalid Yusoff, Andrzej Szuba, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Ahmad Bahonar, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Aletta Elisabeth Schutte, Jephat Chifamba, Johannes F E Mann, Sonia S. Anand, Koon Teo, and S. Yusuf

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Availability, affordability, and consumption of fruits and vegetables in 18 countries across income levels: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study., Victoria Miller, Salim Yusuf, Clara K. Chow, Mahshid Dehgha, Daniel J. Corsi, Karen Lock, Barry Popkin, Sumathy Rangarajan, Rasha Khatib, Scott A. Lear, Prem Mony, Manmeet Kaur, Viswanathan Mohan, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Rajeev Gupta, Annamarie Kruger, Lungiswa Tsolekile, Noushin Mohammadifard, Omar Rahman, Annika Rosengren, Alvaro Avezum, Andrés Orlandini, Noorhassim Ismail, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Kubilay Karsidag, Romaina Iqbal, Jephat Chifamba, Solange Martinez Oakley, Farnaza Ariffin, Katarzyna Zatonska, Paul Poirier, Li Wei, Bo Jian, Chen Hui, LiuXu Xu, Bai Xiulin, Koon Teo, and Andrew Mente

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Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among Textile workers in Karachi, Pakistan., Asaad A. Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Available interventions for prevention of cotton dust-associated lung diseases among Textile workers., Asaad Ahmed Nafees and Zafar Fatmi

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Wealth and cardiovascular health: a cross-sectional study of wealth-related inequalities in the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in high-, middle- and low-income countries., Benjamin Palafox, Martin McKee, Dina Balabanova, Khalid F. Khalid, Alvaro Jr Avezum, Ahmad Bahonar, Noorhassim Noorhassim, Jephat Chifamba, Clara K. Chow, Daniel J. Corsi, Gilles R. Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Rajeev Gupta, Romaina Iqbal, Manmeet Kaur, Rasha Khatib, Annamarie Kruger, Iolanthe Marike Kruger, Fernando Lanas, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fu Minfan, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem K. Mony, Aytekin Oguz, Lia M. Palileo-Villanueva, Pablo Perel, Paul Poirier, Sumathy Rangarajan, Lei Rensheng, Annika Rosengren, Biju Soman, David Stuckler, S. V. Subramania, Koon Teo, Lungiswa P. Tsolekile, Andreas Wielgosz, Peng Yaguang, Karen Yeates, Mo Yongzhen, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Katarzyna Zatońska, and Salim Yusuf

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Obesity and its relation with diabetes and hypertension: a cross-sectional study across 4 geographical regions., Shivani A. Patel, Mohammed K. Ali, Dewan Alam, Lijing L. Yan, Naomi S. Levitt, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, William Checkley, Yangfeng Wu, Vilma Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, Adolfo Rubinstein, Roopa Shivashankar, Xian Li, J. Jaime Miranda, Muhammad Haider Chowdhury, Ali Tanweer Siddiquee, Thomas A. Gaziano, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Prabhakaran Dorairaj

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Is the “South Asian Phenotype” unique to South Asians?: comparing cardiometabolic risk factors in the CARRS and NHANES Studies., Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K. Ali, R. M. Anjana, M. Deepa, Deksha Kapoor, Dimple Kondal, Garima Rautela, V. Mohan, K.M. Venkat Narayan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, and CARRS Investigators

Integrated management of childhood illness strategy implementation in a rural district of Pakistan through the lens of planners and implementers., Nousheen Pradhan, Nick Brown, Neelofar Sami, and Narjis Rizvi

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Health workers’ perspectives, knowledge and skills regarding community case management of childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia: a qualitative inquiry for an implementation research project “Nigraan” in District Badin, Sindh, Pakistan, Fauziah Rabbani, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab, Aysha Zahidie, Kashif Sangrasi, and Shamim Ahmad Qazi Ahmad Qazi

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Inspiring health worker motivation with supportive supervision: a survey of lady health supervisor motivating factors in rural Pakistan, Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Wafa Aftab, Kashif Sangrasi, Shagufta Perveen, and Aysha Zahidie

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Schools of public health in low and middle-income countries: an imperative investment for improving the health of populations?, Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar S. Khan, Rozina Karmaliani, Imran Naeem Abbasi, and Farhat Abbas

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Recent strategies to improve community case management of diarrhea among children under five in developing countries, Fauziah Rabbani and Aysha Zahidie

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Challenges in implementing a community based trial in a rural Pakistani district: lessons learnt from project NIGRAAN, F. Rabbani, Imran Naeem, Shipton Leah, Mehboob Beenish, Zahidie Aysha, Sangrasi Kashif, Aftab Wafa, Perveen Shagufta, and Qazi Shamim Ahmad

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Policy makers perceptions regarding performance of the lady heath worker programme: is there a know-do gap? findings from the NIGRAAN project, F. Rabbani, Shagufta Perveen, I. N Abbas, Wafa Aftab, Kashif Sangrasi, L Shipton, and Aysha Zahidie

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Schools of public health in low and middle-income countries: an imperative investment for improving the health of populations?, F. Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Goran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Kausar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Imran Naeem Abbasi, and Farhat Abbas

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Assessing global risk factors for non-fatal injuries from road traffic accidents and falls in adults aged 35-70 years in 17 countries: a cross-sectional analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study., Parminder Raina, Nazmul Sohel, Mark Oremus, Harry Shannon, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Wei Li, Yang Wang, Xingyu Wang, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Romaina Iqbal, Andrzej Szuba, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Annamarie Kruger, Jephat Chifamba, Noushin Mohammadifard, Ebtihal Ahmad Darwish, Gilles Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Pamela Seron, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, and Salim Yusuf

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Association of tobacco use and other determinants with pregnancy outcomes: a multicentre hospital-based case-control study in Karachi, Pakistan., Shafquat Rozi, Zahid Ahmad Butt, Nida Zahid, Saba Wasim, and Kashif Shafique

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Peer pressure and family smoking habits influence smoking uptake in teenage boys attending school: multilevel modeling of survey data., Shafquat Rozi, Sadia Mahmud, Gillian Lancaster, and Nida Zahid

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Caregivers knowledge, practices about childhood diarrhea and pneumonia and their perceptions of lady health worker program; findings from NIGRAAN implementation research project, K Sangrasi, F. Rabbani, W Aftab, A Zahidie, S Perveen, IN Abbas, SIA Shah, and SA Qazi

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Motivation and retention of physicians in primary healthcare facilities: a qualitative study from abbottabad, Pakistan, Sayed Masoom Shah, Shehla Zaidi, Jamil Ahmed, and Shafiq Ur Rehman

Storage of medicines and temperature control at community pharmacies in rural district of Sindh, Pakistan: an exploratory cross-sectional study, Nadir Suhail, Sumera Aziz Ali, Waris Qidwai, Savera Aziz Ali, Saleem Iqbal, Yousuf Memon, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Obesity, an emerging epidemic in Pakistan-a review of evidence., Sana Tanzil and Tanzil Jamali

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Descriptive epidemiology of somatising tendency: findings from the CUPID study., Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T. Palmer, Vanda E. Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H. Barrero, Sarah A. Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R. Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Sudath S. P. Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R. Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M. M. Sarquis, Maria H. Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V. Monroy, Leonardo A. Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E. Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J. Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G. Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M. Ferrario, Angela C. Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J. Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A. Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L. Kelsall, Victor C. W. Hoe, Donna M. Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, and Eduardo J. Salazar Vega

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Nutritional status and physical abuse among the children involved in domestic labour in Karachi Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey., Saima Zainab and Muhammad Masood Kadir

Submissions from 2015

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Landscape analysis of multi-sectoral initiatives for under-nutrition in Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Albertha Nyaku, Jane Keylock, Shehla Zaidi, and Jai Das

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Social and societal context of women’s mental health, what women want, what they get: gap analysis in Pakistan of mental health services, polices and research, Kausar S. Khan, Ghazala Rafique, Sohail Amir Ali Bawani, Fatema Hasan, and Anis Haroon

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Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding respiratory symptoms among textile workers of Karachi, Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey., Aneeta Khoso and Asaad A. Nafees

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Prognostic value of grip strength: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study., Darryl P. Leong, ProfKoon K. Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Alvaro Avezum, Andres Orlandini, Pamela Seron, Suad H. Ahmed, Annika Rosengren, Roya Kelishadi, Omar Rahman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Romaina Iqbal, Rajeev Gupta, Scott A. Lear, Aytekin Oguz, Khalid Yusoff, Katarzyna Zatonska, Jephat Chifamba, Ehimario Igumbor, Viswanathan Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Hongqiu Gu, Wei Li, and Salim Yusuf

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Universal health coverage assessment Pakistan, Muhammad Ashar Malik

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Cost of primary health care in Pakistan, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Wahid Gul, Saleem Per waiz Iqbal, and Farina Abrejo

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Residual barriers for utilization of maternal and child health services: community perceptions from rural Pakistan., Zahid Memon, Shehla Zaidi, and Atif Riaz

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Are pre-school girls more likely to be under-nourished in rural Thatta, Pakistan?-a cross-sectional study., Rozina Nuruddin and Wilbur C. Hadden

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Postpartum contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in five low-income countries., Omrana Pasha, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Ana Garces, Fabian Esamai, Elwyn Chomba, Janet L. Moore, Bhalchandra S. Kodkany, Sarah Saleem, Richard J. Derman, Edward A. Liechty, Patricia L. Hibberd, K. Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Waldemar A. Carlo, Elizabeth M. McClure, Marion Koso-Thomas, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Hospital management training for the Eastern Mediterranean Region: time for a change?, Fauziah Rabbani, Farah Naz Hashmani, Aftab A. Ali Mukhi, Xaher Gul, Nousheen Pradhan, Peter Hatcher, Mounir Farag, and Farhat Abbas

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Service quality in contracted facilities., Fauziah Rabbani, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Shehla Zaidi, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Farheen Yousuf

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Comparing lung function of textile workers with the healthy Pakistani population., Unaib Rabbani and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Perceived barriers to utilizing maternal and neonatal health services in contracted-out versus government-managed health facilities in the rural districts of Pakistan, Atif Riaz, Shehla Zaidi, and Asif Raza Khowaja

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Quality of life among women with symptoms of gynecological morbidities: results of a cross‐sectional study in Karachi, Pakistan, Neelofar Sami, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Muhammad Osama

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The environmental profile of a community’s health: a cross-sectional study on tobacco marketing in 16 countries., Emily Savell, Anna B. Gilmore, Michelle Sims, Prem K. Mony, Teo Koon, Khalid Yusoff, Scott A. Lear, Pamela Seron, Noorhassim Ismail, K Burcu Tumerdem Calik, Annik Rosengren, Ahmad Bahonar, Rajesh Kumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Annamarie Kruger, Hany Swidan, Rajeev Gupta, Ehimario Igumbor, Asad Ali Khan Afridi, Omar Rahman, Jephat Chifamba, Katarzyna Zatonska, V Mohan, Deepa Mohan, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Alvaro Avezum, Paul Poirier, Andres Orlandini, Wei Li, Martin McKee, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf, and Clara K. Chow

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Low prevalence of asthma among textile workers in Karachi, Pakistan., Sana Tanzil and Asaad A. Nafees

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Can contracted out health facilities improve access, equity, and quality of maternal and newborn health services? evidence from Pakistan., Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, F. Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Syeda Nida Imran, Nousheen Pradhan, and Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan

Submissions from 2014

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Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among barbers and their knowledge, attitude and practices in the district of Sukkur, Sindh ., Imran Naeem Abbasi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Cytokine and clinical response to Saccharomyces boulardii therapy in diarrhea-dominant irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized trial, Zaigham Abbas, Javed Yakoob, Wasim Jafri, Zubair Ahmad, Zahid Azam, Muhammad Waqas Usman, Sara Shamim, and Muhammad Islam

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Correlation of arsenic exposure through drinking groundwater and urinary arsenic excretion among adults in Pakistan., Mubashir Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, and A. Ali

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Child sexual abuse leads to Psychological disorders: Literature review, Savera Aziz Ali and Sumera Aziz Ali

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Solid fuel use is a major risk factor for acute coronary syndromes among rural women: a matched case control study, Zafar Fatmi, D. Coggon, A. Kazi, M. M. Kadir, and N. Sathiakumar

Provider cost analysis supports results-based contracting out of maternal and newborn health services: an evidence-based policy perspective, Peter Hatcher

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Provider cost analysis supports results-based contracting out of maternal and newborn health services: an evidence-based policy perspective, Peter Hatcher, Shiraz Shaikh, Hassan Fazli, Shehla Zaidi, and Atif Riaz

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Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for assessing macronutrient and calcium intake in adult Pakistani population., Romaina Iqbal, Mohammad Ali Haroon, Farhan Javed Dar, Mujtaba Bilgirami, Gulshan Bano, and Aysha Habib