Polymorphisms in MTHFR, MS and CBS genes and homocysteine levels in a Pakistani population.
Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia (>15 mol/L) is highly prevalent in South Asian populations including Pakistan. In order to investigate the genetic determinants of this condition, we studied 6 polymorphisms in genes of 3 enzymes--methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR, C677T, A1298C), methionine synthase (MS, A2756G), cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS, T833C/844ins68, G919A) involved in homocysteine metabolism and investigated their interactions with nutritional and environmental factors in a Pakistani population. Methodology/Principal Findings: In a cross-sectional survey, 872 healthy adults (355 males and 517 females, age 18-60 years) were recruited from a low-income urban population in Karachi. Fasting venous blood was obtained and assessed for plasma/serum homocysteine, folate, vitamin B12, pyridoxal phosphate and blood lead. DNA was isolated and genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP (restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism) based assays. The average changes in homocysteine levels for MTHFR 677CT and TT genotypes were positive [beta(SE beta), 2.01(0.63) and 16.19(1.8) mol/L, respectively]. Contrary to MTHFR C677T polymorphism, the average changes in plasma homocysteine levels for MS 2756AG and GG variants were negative [beta(SE beta), -0.56(0.58) and -0.83(0.99) mol/L, respectively]. The average change occurring for CBS 844ins68 heterozygous genotype (ancestral/insertion) was -1.88(0.81) mol/L. The combined effect of MTHFR C677T, MS A2756G and CBS 844ins68 genotypes for plasma homocysteine levels was additive (p value
(2012). Polymorphisms in MTHFR, MS and CBS genes and homocysteine levels in a Pakistani population.. Plos One, 7(3), e33222.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_bbs/115