Effect of age on haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation. A comparison of young, middle-aged and elderly patients
The effect of age on the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation was studied. Ninety ASA 1 or 2 patients were divided into three groups of 30 each based on age; ie., young (18-25 years), middle-aged (40-50 years) and elderly (65-80 years). The haemodynamic response after tracheal intubation was observed as percentage change in heart rate and blood pressure compared to the baseline. Inter-group comparison was also done at different time points. The greatest percentage change in the systolic arterial pressure after tracheal tube insertion was seen in the elderly group (15%). The increase in systolic arterial pressure was significantly less in theyounggroup compared with the two older groups at one, two, three and four minutes post-intubation. The greatest percentage increase in the diastolic blood pressure compared to the baseline was seen in the middle aged group (24%). The elderly and young patients showed a significant difference in the diastolic blood pressure response only at one minute post-intubation. The heart rate response was greatest in the middle-aged patients (40%) and least in the elderly (16%). These differences may have clinical significance and should be considered in assessing and performing research into the haemodynamic response to intubation.
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
(2002). Effect of age on haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation. A comparison of young, middle-aged and elderly patients. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 30(5), 608-614.
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