Congenital heart disease patients surviving to adulthood have increased over the years due to various reasons. These patients are admitted in the hospital for non cardiac surgeries and other procedures more often than normal adult population. Management of grown up congenital heart disease patient presents a challenge during perioperative period for cardiologists, surgeons, intensivists and particularly for the anaesthetist. Management issues include psychological and physiological impact on the patient, complexity of defects, presence of previous palliative procedure, impact of anaesthetic agents on shunting and myocardium, endocarditis prophylaxis and associated extra cardiac anamolies.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
(2010). Grown up congenital heart disease patient presenting for non cardiac surgery: anaesthetic implications. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 60(11), 955-9.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_anaesth/19