Internal Medicine (East Africa)
Introduction: Current practice guidelines emphasize the importance of rapid reperfusion of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the current rate of compliance with evidence-based practice guidelines for the management of STEMI patients at a tertiary hospital in Kenya.
Methods: This was a retrospective chart review. Data on patient characteristics, emergency treatment, and outcomes were collected on adults admitted with a diagnosis of STEMI from January 2012 to February 2013.
Results: Data were collected for 45 patient presentations. There were 37 male patients (82%). The mean age was 59.7 ± 3.8 years. Of the 45 patients, 23 were Asian (51%), 18 were Black (40%) and four were Caucasian (9%). Thirty-five patients (78%) presented within 12 h of symptom onset. Within 10 min of arrival to the hospital, 40 patients (89%) had electrocardiographs performed and 39 patients (87%) were reviewed by a doctor. Medications given on presentation were aspirin (98%), clopidogrel (91%) and anticoagulants (73%). All patients received reperfusion therapy. Twenty-eight patients (62%) received fibrinolytic therapy and 17 patients (38%) had primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Door-to-needle time of43% of the cases. Door-to- balloon time was29% of the cases. All the patients survived to hospital discharge. The average length of stay was 5.3 ± 1.0 days. In-hospital complications occurred in six patients (13.3%). These included bleeding (three patients), stroke (one patient) and cardiogenic shock requiring intra- aortic balloon pump support (two patients).
Conclusion: Whereas the majority of STEMI patients are evaluated within 10 min of presentation, less than 50% receive reperfusion therapy within the recommended time frame. While there are attempts to comply with evidence based guidelines in resource-limited settings, there is a need to improve acute care systems to target early reperfusion of STEMI patients.
African Journal of Emergency Medicine
(2014). Acute management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction in a tertiary hospital in Kenya: are we complying with practice guidelines?. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 4(3), 1-5.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/eastafrica_fhs_mc_intern_med/17
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