Event Title

A statistical study on outcome of rheumatic heart disease

Location

Auditorium Pond Side

Start Date

26-2-2014 10:30 AM

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the Rheumatic Heart Diseases in Pakistan. To evaluate the association between the risk factors. Material and Methods: It was a Cross Sectional Study by design conducted at Punjab Institute of cardiology, Lahore. 80 patients that were diagnosed as rheumatic heart disease patient and more than 5 year and less than 50 year of age were included in the study. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS 15.0. Mean ± S.D was given for quantitative variables. Frequencies, percentages and graphs were given for qualitative variables. Pearson Chi square and Fisher exact test were applied to observe association between qualitative variables. p-value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistical significant.

Results: Total 80 patients were taken into consideration who fulfilled the selection criteria. It was found that out of total 80(100>0%) patients, males were 44(55.0%), 65(81.3%) patients had low socio-economic status, ,61(76.3%) had tiredness, 65(81.3%) had chest pain, 61(76.3%) had palpitations, 50(62.5%) patients had difficulty in breathing on accustomed exertion, 56(70.0%) had migratory polyarthritis, patient with joint problem 61(76.3%), patients 70(87.5%) had rheumatic fever, 59( 73.8%) had arthalgaria, 64(73.8%) had mitral regurgitation, 50( 62.5%) had mitral stenosis, tricuspid regurgitation was not reported to 63(78.8%), most of the patients were on follow up 43(53.8%). Significant association was observed between hygiene and mitral regurgitation (p-value=0.000), mitral regurgitation and dental history (p-value=0.015), age and mitral regurgitation (p-value=0.039), mitral regurgitation and aortic regurgitation (p-value=0.007), throat infection and rheumatic heart disease (p-value=0.031).

Conclusion: Rheumatic heart disease has more effect on mitral valve. It is a long term disease so the most of the patients were on follow up 43(53.8%) while the mortality rate was 8(10.0%). Mitral regurgitation have effects on other valves

Keywords: rheumatic heart disease, mitral stenosis, sore throat, mortality

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Feb 26th, 10:30 AM

A statistical study on outcome of rheumatic heart disease

Auditorium Pond Side

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the Rheumatic Heart Diseases in Pakistan. To evaluate the association between the risk factors. Material and Methods: It was a Cross Sectional Study by design conducted at Punjab Institute of cardiology, Lahore. 80 patients that were diagnosed as rheumatic heart disease patient and more than 5 year and less than 50 year of age were included in the study. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS 15.0. Mean ± S.D was given for quantitative variables. Frequencies, percentages and graphs were given for qualitative variables. Pearson Chi square and Fisher exact test were applied to observe association between qualitative variables. p-value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistical significant.

Results: Total 80 patients were taken into consideration who fulfilled the selection criteria. It was found that out of total 80(100>0%) patients, males were 44(55.0%), 65(81.3%) patients had low socio-economic status, ,61(76.3%) had tiredness, 65(81.3%) had chest pain, 61(76.3%) had palpitations, 50(62.5%) patients had difficulty in breathing on accustomed exertion, 56(70.0%) had migratory polyarthritis, patient with joint problem 61(76.3%), patients 70(87.5%) had rheumatic fever, 59( 73.8%) had arthalgaria, 64(73.8%) had mitral regurgitation, 50( 62.5%) had mitral stenosis, tricuspid regurgitation was not reported to 63(78.8%), most of the patients were on follow up 43(53.8%). Significant association was observed between hygiene and mitral regurgitation (p-value=0.000), mitral regurgitation and dental history (p-value=0.015), age and mitral regurgitation (p-value=0.039), mitral regurgitation and aortic regurgitation (p-value=0.007), throat infection and rheumatic heart disease (p-value=0.031).

Conclusion: Rheumatic heart disease has more effect on mitral valve. It is a long term disease so the most of the patients were on follow up 43(53.8%) while the mortality rate was 8(10.0%). Mitral regurgitation have effects on other valves

Keywords: rheumatic heart disease, mitral stenosis, sore throat, mortality