Event Title

Association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases: systematic review of south-asian studies 2001-2012

Location

Auditorium Pond Side

Start Date

26-2-2014 10:30 AM

Abstract

Background: Large proportion of Asian populations have moderate to severe periodontal disease and a substantial number are anticipated to be at high risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review analyzes status of research from the South-Asian region on association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases.

Methodology: Observational studies (case-control, cohort) and clinical (randomized or nonrandomized) trials published during January 2001- December 2012 focused on association between periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases in South-Asian countries were retrieved from various databases and studied for this systematic review.

Results: Current evidence suggests that both periodontal and cardiovascular diseases are globally prevalent and show an increasing trend in developing countries. Global data on epidemiology and association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases are predominantly from the developed world; whereas Asia with 60% of the world’s population lacks substantial scientific data on the link between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases. During the search period, fourteen studies (5 clinical trials, 9 case-controls) from South-Asia met the inclusion criteria of this review; 100% of clinical trials, 78% case-control studies have reported a significant association between the oral/periodontal parameters and CVD. Conclusion: Epidemiological and clinical studies from South-Asian countries validate the global evidence on association of periodontal disease with CVDs. However there is a clear need for meticulous research for public health and scientific perspective of the Periodontal and Cardiovascular diseases from South-Asia.

Keywords: Periodontal Disease, Cardiovascular Diseases, Systematic Review, South-Asian Countries

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Feb 26th, 10:30 AM

Association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases: systematic review of south-asian studies 2001-2012

Auditorium Pond Side

Background: Large proportion of Asian populations have moderate to severe periodontal disease and a substantial number are anticipated to be at high risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review analyzes status of research from the South-Asian region on association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases.

Methodology: Observational studies (case-control, cohort) and clinical (randomized or nonrandomized) trials published during January 2001- December 2012 focused on association between periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases in South-Asian countries were retrieved from various databases and studied for this systematic review.

Results: Current evidence suggests that both periodontal and cardiovascular diseases are globally prevalent and show an increasing trend in developing countries. Global data on epidemiology and association of periodontal and cardiovascular diseases are predominantly from the developed world; whereas Asia with 60% of the world’s population lacks substantial scientific data on the link between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases. During the search period, fourteen studies (5 clinical trials, 9 case-controls) from South-Asia met the inclusion criteria of this review; 100% of clinical trials, 78% case-control studies have reported a significant association between the oral/periodontal parameters and CVD. Conclusion: Epidemiological and clinical studies from South-Asian countries validate the global evidence on association of periodontal disease with CVDs. However there is a clear need for meticulous research for public health and scientific perspective of the Periodontal and Cardiovascular diseases from South-Asia.

Keywords: Periodontal Disease, Cardiovascular Diseases, Systematic Review, South-Asian Countries