Event Title

Smoking-related morbidity and mortality among women in Pakistan and role of primary health care professionals

Location

Auditorium Pond Side

Start Date

26-2-2014 10:30 AM

Abstract

Introduction/Objectives: All around the world tobacco is the single leading and preventable cause of death. Prevalence of tobacco among woman is estimated low in developing country than developed countries like an estimated 7 % in developing country where as 24% in developed country. (Nisar, 2005). There is dearth of literature on actual prevalence of women using smoke and smokeless tobacco in Pakistan Women believe that smokeless tobacco is not harmful for health however, researches evidence proved that smokeless tobacco is just as harmful as smoked tobacco and it is the risk factor for oral cancer.(Rozi S 2007).

Results: There are Mortalities common in women who smoke; placental abruption, placenta previa which lead to death and prenatal mortality. Moreover, women suffers from chronic anemia and hypoxemia. (Cnattingius S. 2004). Preterm mortality is one of the biggest challenges to reduce in Pakistan; Studies from developed world Intervention programs mentioned that smoking cessation during pregnancy reduced preterm mortality. Health care professional need to plan strategies at Micro, Maso and Macro level to stop mortalities and morbidities related to smoking in Pakistan.

Recommendations/Conclusion: Most important strategy is to formulate policies by conducting good quality researches, strengthen surveillance related to Tobacco. There is need for health advocacy campaign towards health policy makers to bring them attention of such important issue. Community awareness sessions are important by train all leady health workers to reach to majority of women in Pakistan. Tran theoretical Change model which helps change in behavior give awareness to the patient. Literature affirms that obstetric health care providers are in a unique position to help women to quit smoking and it should be integrated into routine prenatal care for every pregnant woman.

Keywords: placental abruption, placenta previa, prenatal mortality, Tran theoretical Change model

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Feb 26th, 10:30 AM

Smoking-related morbidity and mortality among women in Pakistan and role of primary health care professionals

Auditorium Pond Side

Introduction/Objectives: All around the world tobacco is the single leading and preventable cause of death. Prevalence of tobacco among woman is estimated low in developing country than developed countries like an estimated 7 % in developing country where as 24% in developed country. (Nisar, 2005). There is dearth of literature on actual prevalence of women using smoke and smokeless tobacco in Pakistan Women believe that smokeless tobacco is not harmful for health however, researches evidence proved that smokeless tobacco is just as harmful as smoked tobacco and it is the risk factor for oral cancer.(Rozi S 2007).

Results: There are Mortalities common in women who smoke; placental abruption, placenta previa which lead to death and prenatal mortality. Moreover, women suffers from chronic anemia and hypoxemia. (Cnattingius S. 2004). Preterm mortality is one of the biggest challenges to reduce in Pakistan; Studies from developed world Intervention programs mentioned that smoking cessation during pregnancy reduced preterm mortality. Health care professional need to plan strategies at Micro, Maso and Macro level to stop mortalities and morbidities related to smoking in Pakistan.

Recommendations/Conclusion: Most important strategy is to formulate policies by conducting good quality researches, strengthen surveillance related to Tobacco. There is need for health advocacy campaign towards health policy makers to bring them attention of such important issue. Community awareness sessions are important by train all leady health workers to reach to majority of women in Pakistan. Tran theoretical Change model which helps change in behavior give awareness to the patient. Literature affirms that obstetric health care providers are in a unique position to help women to quit smoking and it should be integrated into routine prenatal care for every pregnant woman.

Keywords: placental abruption, placenta previa, prenatal mortality, Tran theoretical Change model