Event Title

Quality of life in diabetic patients after provision of immediate dentures

Presenter Information

Mehmood Hussain

Location

Auditorium Pond Side

Start Date

26-2-2014 10:30 AM

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a clinical syndrome due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin.

Diabetes causes various complications in the body including compromise oral health as well. Oral health disorders include periodontitis, caries, xerostomia, oral ulcers, burning moutrh syndrome etc.

Multiple approaches can be employed for oral rehabilitation of diabetic patients, one way is the provision of immediate dentures for such patients. Fabrication of immediate dentures for diabetic patients will markedly improve the Quality of Life (QoL) by improving speech, mastication, esthetics and confidence of such patients.

Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with diagnosed diabetes mellitus reported to Prosthodontics Department of Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Karachi were included in this study. Twenty four patients were males while six mere females with age range of 22- 74 years. The duration of this study was of two years from October 2011 to September 2013.. After taking consent Questionnaire based on OHIP-14 was used before and after 6 months from provision of immediate denture to assess quality of life of in patients. Data was collected and statistical analysis had been done by using SPSS software. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was applied and results were obtained. Probability level of P<.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: There was marked improvement in quality of life in these patients after provision of immediate dentures. For two patients immediate denture was fabricated twice. accordingly. All patients were satisfied with their immediate dentures. Three patients need slight adjustments in their dentures which were provided to them

All patients had significant improvement in speech (P value .01), diet satisfaction (P value .00), mastication (P value .01), decrease embarrassment ( P value .08) and self confidence (P value .025). However impact of immediate denture on variable like tension was not favorable with P values.157

Conclusion: Provision of immediate denture brings improve QoL in diabetic patients, efforts should be made to increase awareness in dentist & patients about immediate dentures.

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Feb 26th, 10:30 AM

Quality of life in diabetic patients after provision of immediate dentures

Auditorium Pond Side

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a clinical syndrome due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin.

Diabetes causes various complications in the body including compromise oral health as well. Oral health disorders include periodontitis, caries, xerostomia, oral ulcers, burning moutrh syndrome etc.

Multiple approaches can be employed for oral rehabilitation of diabetic patients, one way is the provision of immediate dentures for such patients. Fabrication of immediate dentures for diabetic patients will markedly improve the Quality of Life (QoL) by improving speech, mastication, esthetics and confidence of such patients.

Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with diagnosed diabetes mellitus reported to Prosthodontics Department of Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Karachi were included in this study. Twenty four patients were males while six mere females with age range of 22- 74 years. The duration of this study was of two years from October 2011 to September 2013.. After taking consent Questionnaire based on OHIP-14 was used before and after 6 months from provision of immediate denture to assess quality of life of in patients. Data was collected and statistical analysis had been done by using SPSS software. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was applied and results were obtained. Probability level of P<.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: There was marked improvement in quality of life in these patients after provision of immediate dentures. For two patients immediate denture was fabricated twice. accordingly. All patients were satisfied with their immediate dentures. Three patients need slight adjustments in their dentures which were provided to them

All patients had significant improvement in speech (P value .01), diet satisfaction (P value .00), mastication (P value .01), decrease embarrassment ( P value .08) and self confidence (P value .025). However impact of immediate denture on variable like tension was not favorable with P values.157

Conclusion: Provision of immediate denture brings improve QoL in diabetic patients, efforts should be made to increase awareness in dentist & patients about immediate dentures.